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Hydrosphere Syllabus Notes 2021 Download Study Materials BOOK PDF

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MAJOR OCEANS

OceansSalient Features
Pacific OceanThe Pacific Ocean is by far the world’s largest ocean at 55,557,000 sq km.It covers 28% of the Earth and is equal in size to nearly all of the land area on the Earth. The Pacific Ocean is located between the Southern Ocean, Asia, and Australia in the Western Hemisphere. It has an average depth of 13,215 feet (4,028 meters) but its deepest point is the Challenger Deep within the Mariana Trench near Japan. This area is also the deepest point in the world at -35,840 feet (-10,924 meters).
Atlantic OceanThe Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world’s oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth’s surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area.
Indian OceanThe Indian Ocean is the only ocean named after a country, that is, India. The shape of ocean is almost triangular. In the north, it is bound by Asia, in the west by Africa and in the east by Australia.
Southern OceanThe Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
Arctic OceanThe Arctic Ocean is located within the Arctic Circle
and surrounds the North Pole. It is connected with the Pacific Ocean by a narrow stretch of shallow water known as Berring strait. It is bound by northern coasts of North America and Eurasia.
IMPORTANT OCEANIC CURRENTS
OceanCurrentType
Atlantic Ocean - Northern hemisphereNorth Equatorial CurrentWarm Current
Antilles CurrentWarm Current
Florida CurrentWarm Current
Gulf StreamWarm Current
Artic OceanLabrador CurrentCold Current
East Greenland CurrentCold Current
Atlantic OceanNorth Atlantic DriftWarm Current
Norwegian CurrentWarm Current
Canaries CurrentCold Current
Atlantic Ocean: Southern HemisphereSouth Equatorial CurrentWarm Current
Falkland CurrentCold Current
Brazil CurrentWarm Current
South Atlantic CurrentCold Current
Benguela CurrentCold Current
OceanCurrentType
Atlantic Ocean - Northern hemisphereNorth Equatorial CurrentWarm Current
Antilles CurrentWarm Current
Florida CurrentWarm Current
Gulf StreamWarm Current
Artic OceanLabrador CurrentCold Current
East Greenland CurrentCold Current
Atlantic OceanNorth Atlantic DriftWarm Current
Norwegian CurrentWarm Current
Canaries CurrentCold Current
Atlantic Ocean: Southern HemisphereSouth Equatorial CurrentWarm Current
Falkland CurrentCold Current
Brazil CurrentWarm Current
South Atlantic CurrentCold Current
Benguela CurrentCold Current
OceanCurrentType
Indian Ocean Northern Hemisphere during winterNorth East Monsoon DriftWarm Current
SummerSouth West Monsoon DriftWarm Current
Indian Ocean: Southern HemisphereMozambique CurrentWarm Current
Agulhas CurrentWarm Current
West Australian CurrentCold Current
Equatorial Counter CurrentWarm Current
South Equatorial CurrentWarm Current
West Wind DriftCold Current

WORLD GEOGRAPHY COMPLETE NOTES

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