## Computer Graphics

This is a concept which works on producing images, animations and other graphical designs using a computer. Including hardware and software, this subject covers the task of producing photo-realistic images in a complicated manner.

## Recommended Books

• Donald Hearn, Pauline Baker, Computer Graphics – C Version, second edition, Pearson Education,2004.
• F.S. Hill, Computer Graphics using OPENGL, Second edition, Pearson Education, 2003.
• James D. Foley, Andries Van Dam, Steven K. Feiner, John F. Hughes, Computer Graphics-Principles and practice, Second Edition in C, Pearson Education, 2007.

## Syllabus

UNIT-I:

2D PrimitivesOutput primitives – Line, Circle, and Ellipse drawing algorithms – Attributes of output primitives – Two-dimensional Geometric transformations – Two-dimensional viewing – Line, Polygon, Curve and Text clipping algorithms

UNIT-II:

3D Concepts Parallel and Perspective projections – Three-dimensional object representation – Polygons, Curved lines, Splines, Quadric Surfaces, – Visualization of data sets – 3D transformations – Viewing -Visible surface identification.

UNIT-III:

Graphics Programming Color Models – RGB, YIQ, CMY, HSV – Animations – General Computer Animation, Raster, Keyframe – Graphics programming using OPENGL – Basic graphics primitives –Drawing three-dimensional objects – Drawing three-dimensional scenes

UNIT- IV:

UNIT- V:

Fractals, Fractals and Self-similarity – Peano curves – Creating the image by iterated functions –Mandelbrot sets – Julia Sets – Random Fractals

UNIT- VI:

Overview of Ray Tracing Intersecting rays with other primitives – Adding Surface texture – Reflections and Transparency – Boolean operations on Objects.

## Important Questions

• What are the 2D transformations? Explain them with necessary illustrations.
• Plot the line (-4 -4) to (8, 4) using DDA.
• Explain the hidden surfaces and line removal methods with their relative merits.
• Give an algorithm for the generation of Bezier curves?
•  Explain in detail about the methods of controlling the animation.
• Describe the Creation of images by iterated functions.
• Explain in detail the YIQ color model.
• Explain the following:
• Write about random fractals in detail.
•  Write short notes on
a) Ray tracing
b) Boolean operations on Objects

## Manufacturing Engineering Reference Books PDF Format Available 2020 Recommended Authors BTech

Find the details on B.Tech Manufacturing Engineering References Books PDF and Recommended Authors below. We have provided the details regarding BTech Manufacturing Engineering such as the syllabus, eligibility, top colleges list of said course, references books with authors with the cost of the books.

The Bachelor of Technology(B.Tech) is a degree which is of professional engineering undergraduate degree which will be awarded once the four years of the academic course is completed in the field of engineering.

#### MORE DETAILS ON MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

The Btech is a UG course degree which will be awarded to the student once the three or four years of study are completed at an accredited university or an accredited university level institution.

The manufacturing engineering is a methodical process which changes raw materials into finished goods.

#### COLLEGE LIST

• Manipal Institute of Technology
• Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
• Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
• Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
• SRM University, Chennai
• National Institute of Technology (NITs)

#### SUBJECT LIST

• Material science
• Thermal Engineering
• Manufacturing Technology
• Theory of Machines
• Manufacturing Processes
• Training and Research Project

#### List of electives:

• Basic thermodynamics and heat transfer
• Introduction to hydraulics and pneumatics
• Manufacturing cost estimation
• Production and operations management
• Material handling systems
• Energy conservation
• Solar energy utilization
• Energy auditing
• Renewable and sustainable energy

#### ELIGIBILITY

• 10+2 pass with atleast 50% marks.
• Needs to clear the entrance exam.
• Only eligible candidates can go for entrance exam.
• The ranking procedure is followed by the universities for admission purposes.

#### WHY ARE REFERENCE BOOKS IMPORTANT?

Reference books allow a wide variety of topics relevant to be available to the student who is trying to pursue the said course. The competition for the entrance exams are really high and so for attending one, a student needs to be completely prepared. This will help students to improve problem solving capacity and practicing sessions are increased.