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 Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech 2nd Year E-Commerce 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

E-Commerce

E-Commerce is a type of E-Business. This concept enables different enterprises to link their internal and external data processing system to make their works more comfortable, flexible, and efficient. This includes buying and selling and collaborations with customers, business partners, distributors, and suppliers.

Download E-Commerce BTECH 2nd Year Study Materials

E-commerce lecture notesDownload
E-commerce pdf booksDownload
E-commerce notes pdfDownload
E-Commerce Question Paper pdfDownload

Recommended Books

  • E-Commerce, S.Jaiswal – Galgotia.
  • Electronic Commerce – Gary P.Schneider – Thomson.
  • E-Commerce, Efrain Turban, Jae Lee, David King, H.Michael Chang.
  • The  E-Commerce – Business, Technology, Society, Kenneth C.Taudon, Carol Guyerico Traver.
  • Frontiers of electronic commerce – Kalakata, Whinston, Pearson.
  •  E-Commerce fundamentals and applications Hendry Chan, Raymond Lee, Tharam Dillon, Elizabeth Chang, John Wiley.

Syllabus

UNIT – I:

Electronic Commerce-Frame work, the anatomy of E-Commerce applications, E-Commerce Consumer applications, E-Commerce organization applications. Consumer Oriented Electronic commerce – Mercantile Process models.

UNIT – II:

Electronic payment systems – Digital Token-Based, Smart Cards, Credit Cards, Risks in Electronic Payment systems. Inter-Organizational Commerce – EDI, EDI Implementation, Value-added networks.

UNIT – III:

Intra Organizational Commerce – work Flow, Automation Customization and internal Commerce, Supply chain Management.

UNIT – IV:

Corporate Digital Library – Document Library, digital Document types, corporate Data Warehouses. Advertising and Marketing – Information based marketing, Advertising on Internet, on-line marketing process, market research.

UNIT – V:

Consumer Search and Resource Discovery – Information search and Retrieval, Commerce Catalogues, Information Filtering.

UNIT – VI:

Multimedia – key multimedia concepts, Digital Video and electronic Commerce, Desktop video processing, Desktop video conferencing.

Important Questions

  • Explain how enterprise resource planning and supply chain management software differs in their goals and implementations.
  • Discuss the various available strategies of Internet advertisement
  • What are the challenges for information search? How business houses find consumer information
  •  Distinguish between multitasking and multithreading. How are they different from multiprocessing?
  • What is e-commerce? State how e-commerce differs from traditional commerce.
  • 2. What is e-retailing? Explain its advantages to consumers and businesses.
  • What is electronic cash? Explain its properties and advantages.
  • State the features of B2B commerce? Discuss the challenges of inter-organizational B2B commerce?

Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Download B.Tech1st Year Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering pdfDownload
Basic Electrical Engineering Notes pdfDownload
Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering questions and answers PdfDownload
Basic Electrical & Electronics Engineering Notes 1st semDownload
Basic Electrical Engineering  Question PaperDownload
 Basic Electronics Engineering  Question Paper Download

Textbooks

  • Electronic Devices and Circuits, R.L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, 9th edition, PEI/PHI 2006.
  • Fundamentals of Electrical Circuits by Charles k.Alexander, Mattew N.O.Saidiku, Tata McGraw Hill company.
  • V.N. Mittle “Basic Electrical Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill Edition, New Delhi, 1990.
  • R.S. Sedha, “Applied Electronics” S. Chand & Co., 2006.
  • Electrical Technology by Surinder Pal Bali, Pearson Publications.

Recommended Books

  •  Nagsarkar T K and Sukhija MS, “Basics of Electrical Engineering”, Oxford Press (2005).
  • Mehta V K, “Principles of Electronics”, S.Chand & Company Ltd, (1994).
  • Basic Electrical Engineering by M.S.Naidu and S.Kamakshiah, TMH Publications
  • Basic Electrical Engineering by Nagsarkar, Sukhija, Oxford Publications,2nd edition
  • Industrial Electronics by G.K. Mittal, PHI
  • Mahmood Nahvi and Joseph A. Edminister, “Electric Circuits”, Schaum’ Outline Series, McGraw Hill, (2002).
  • Premkumar N, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, Anuradha Publishers, (2003).
  • Circuit theory(Analysis and Synthesis) by A. Chakrabarti-Dhanpat Rai&Co.
  • Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering by Rajendra Prasad, PHI Publications,2nd edition
  • Muthusubramanian R, Salivahanan S and Muraleedharan K A, “Basic Electrical, Electronics, and Computer Engineering”   , Tata McGraw Hill, Second Edition, (2006).
  • Network Theory by Prof.B.N.Yoganarasimham.
  • Circuit Theory by Sudhakar and Shyam Mohan.
  • Electrical Machines-I by B.I.Theraja
  • Electrical Circuit Theory and Technology by John Bird, Routledge Taylor &Francis Group

Syllabus

UNIT I: ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS & MEASUREMENTS

Ohm’s Law – Kirchoff’s Laws – Steady State Solution of DC Circuits – Introduction to AC Circuits – Waveforms and RMS Value – Power and Power factor – Single Phase and Three Phase Balanced Circuits. Operating Principles of Moving Coil and Moving Iron Instruments (Ammeters and Voltmeters), Dynamometer type Wattmeters and Energy meters.

UNIT II: ELECTRICAL MECHANICS

Construction, Principle of Operation, Basic Equations and Applications of DC Generators, DC Motors, Single Phase Transformer, single phase induction Motor.

UNIT III: SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND APPLICATIONS

Characteristics of PN Junction Diode – Zener Effect – Zener Diode and its Characteristics – Half wave and Full wave Rectifiers – Voltage Regulation. Bipolar Junction Transistor – CB, CE, CC Configurations and Characteristics – Elementary Treatment of Small Signal Amplifier.

UNIT IV: DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 12

Binary Number System – Logic Gates – Boolean Algebra – Half and Full Adders – Flip- Flops – Registers and Counters – A/D and D/A Conversion (single concepts)

UNIT V: FUNDAMENTALS OF COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 12

Types of Signals: Analog and Digital Signals – Modulation and Demodulation: Principles of Amplitude and Frequency Modulations. Communication Systems: Radio, TV, Fax, Microwave, Satellite and Optical Fibre (Block Diagram Approach only).

Important Questions

  • What are the types of modulation?
  • Explain the advantages of FM over AM.
  • Derive the expression for modulation index or index of modulation for FM?
  • Determine the size of antenna working at a frequency of 20 kHz and wavelength of wave 2.5*106 m given that velocity of light to be 3*108 m/s. Comment on the result obtained.
  • What do you understand by the term communication systems?
  • Deduce the expression for modulation index for AM.
  • What is Modulation and why it is needed?
  • Explain the principle of mobile communication.
  • How do communication satellites work?
  • Briefly, explain the working of a superheterodyne radio receiver with the help of block diagram
  • Briefly, discuss the principle of mobile communication?
  •  What do you understand by Multiple-Access Techniques?

 Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech Computer Graphics 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Computer Graphics

In computer graphics, we’re going to learn how to produce images as well as animations. We use a computer for this purpose. It is an incredibly complex task to do so. We use limitless varieties of applications to do so. We can even create three-dimensional models using the right software, and that’s what we learn here.

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Computer Graphics pdf booksDownload
Computer Graphics notes pptDownload
Computer Graphics notes for b.tech CSEDownload
Computer Graphics Question Paper pdfDownload
Computer Graphics notes pdf for CSEDownload

Recommended Books

  • Donald Hearn, Pauline Baker, Computer Graphics – C Version, second edition, Pearson Education,2004.
  • F.S. Hill, Computer Graphics using OPENGL, Second edition, Pearson Education, 2003.
  • James D. Foley, Andries Van Dam, Steven K. Feiner, John F. Hughes, Computer Graphics-Principles and practice, Second Edition in C, Pearson Education, 2007.

Syllabus

UNIT-I:

2D PrimitivesOutput primitives – Line, Circle, and Ellipse drawing algorithms – Attributes of output primitives – Two-dimensional Geometric transformations – Two-dimensional viewing – Line, Polygon, Curve and Text clipping algorithms

UNIT-II:

3D Concepts Parallel and Perspective projections – Three-dimensional object representation – Polygons, Curved lines, Splines, Quadric Surfaces, – Visualization of data sets – 3D transformations – Viewing -Visible surface identification.

UNIT-III:

Graphics Programming Color Models – RGB, YIQ, CMY, HSV – Animations – General Computer Animation, Raster, Keyframe – Graphics programming using OPENGL – Basic graphics primitives –Drawing three-dimensional objects – Drawing three-dimensional scenes

UNIT- IV:

Rendering Introduction to Shading models – Flat and Smooth shading – Adding texture to faces –Adding shadows of objects – Building a camera in a program – Creating shaded objects– Rendering texture – Drawing Shadows.

UNIT- V:

Fractals, Fractals and Self-similarity – Peano curves – Creating the image by iterated functions –Mandelbrot sets – Julia Sets – Random Fractals

UNIT- VI:

Overview of Ray Tracing Intersecting rays with other primitives – Adding Surface texture – Reflections and Transparency – Boolean operations on Objects.

Important Questions

  •  Explain in detail about the methods of controlling the animation.
  • Describe the Creation of images by iterated functions.
  • Explain in detail the YIQ color model.
  • Explain the following:
    a) Adding texture to faces.
    b) Adding shadows of objects
  • Write about random fractals in detail.
  •  Write short notes on
    a) Ray tracing
    b) Boolean operations on Objects
  • What are the 2D transformations? Explain them with necessary illustrations.
  • Plot the line (-4 -4) to (8, 4) using DDA.
  • Explain the hidden surfaces and line removal methods with their relative merits.
  • Give an algorithm for the generation of Bezier curves?

 Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech Digital Logic Design 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Digital Logic Design

Digital Logic Design is the basis of electronic systems. Rooted in binary codes, digital logic is a series of zeroes and ones. This is the foundation of electrical engineering and computer engineering fields. Digital logic designers build complex electronic components that use both electrical and computational characteristics. This is used to design hardware. This is what we’ll be learning here.

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Digital logic design questions and answers PdfDownload
Digital logic design Question PaperDownload
Digital logic design Basics Pdf Download
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Recommended Books

  •  Digital Logic Design, R.D. Sudhakar Samuel, Elsevier
  • Fundamentals of Logic Design, 5/e, Roth, Cengage
  •  Switching and Finite Automata Theory,3/e, Kohavi, Jha, Cambridge.
  •  Digital Logic Design, Leach, Malvino, Saha, TMH
  • Modern Digital Electronics, R.P. Jain, TMH
  • Digital Design, 5/e, M.Morris Mano, Michael D Ciletti, PEA.
  • Fundamentals of Logic Design, 5/e, Roth, Cengage.
  • Digital Logic and Computer Design, M.Morris Mano, PEA.
  •  Digital Logic Design, Leach, Malvino, Saha, TMH.
  •  Modern Digital Electronics, R.P. Jain, TMH.

Syllabus

UNIT- I: Digital Systems and Binary Numbers

Digital Systems, Binary Numbers, Binary Numbers, Octal and Hexadecimal Numbers, Complements of Numbers, Complements of Numbers, Signed Binary Numbers, Arithmetic addition and subtraction

UNIT -II: Concept of Boolean algebra

Basic Theorems and Properties of Boolean algebra, Boolean Functions, Canonical and Standard Forms, Minterms and Maxterms,

UNIT- III: Gate-level Minimization

Map Method, Two-Variable K-Map, Three-Variable K-Map, Four Variable K-Maps. Products of Sum Simplification, Sum of Products Simplification, Don’t – Care Conditions, NAND and NOR Implementation, Exclusive‐OR Function

UNIT- IV: Combinational Logic

Introduction, Analysis Procedure, Design Procedure, Binary Adder–Subtractor, Decimal Adder, Binary Multiplier, Decoders, Encoders, Multiplexers, HDL Models of Combinational Circuits

UNIT- V: Synchronous Sequential Logic

Introduction to Sequential Circuits, Storage Elements: Latches, Storage Elements: Flip‐Flops, Analysis of Clocked Sequential Circuits, Mealy and Moore Models of Finite State Machines

UNIT -VI: Registers and Counters

Registers, Shift Registers, Ripple Counters, Synchronous Counters, Ring Counter, Johnson Counter, Ripple Counter

Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech Embedded Systems 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Embedded Systems

Devices that include a programmable computer, although it is not on its own intended to be a general-purpose computer, is called embedded systems.

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Embedded Systems Basics pdfDownload
Embedded System BooksDownload
Components of  Embedded System PPTDownload
Embedded Systems pdf notesDownload
Embedded Systems Question PaperDownload

Recommended Books

  • Introduction to embedded systems Shibu. K.V, TMH, 2009.
  •  Ayala & Gadre: The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems using Assembly and C, CENGAGE
  •  Embedded Systems, Rajkamal, TMH, 2009.
  • Embedded Software Primer, David Simon, Pearson.
  • The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Mazidi, Mazidi, Pearson,

Syllabus

UNIT-I:

Introduction to Embedded systems: What is an embedded system Vs. The general computing system, history, classification, major application areas, and purpose of embedded systems. The core of the embedded system, memory, sensors and actuators, a communication interface, embedded firmware, other system components, PCB and passive components.

UNIT-II:

bit microcontrollers architecture: Characteristics, quality attributes application-specific, domain-specific, embedded systems. Factors to be considered in selecting a controller, 8051
architecture, memory organization, registers, oscillator unit, ports, source current, sinking current, design examples.

UNIT-III:

RTOS and Scheduling, Operating basics, types, RTOS, tasks, process and threads, multiprocessing and multitasking, types of multitasking, non-preemptive, preemptive scheduling.

UNIT-IV:

Task communication of RTOS, Shared a memory, pipes, memory-mapped objects, message passing, message queue, mailbox, signaling, RPC and sockets, task communication/synchronization issues, racing, deadlock, livelock, the dining philosopher’s
problem.

UNIT-V:

The producer-consumer problem, Reader writers problem, Priority Inversion, Priority ceiling, Task Synchronization techniques, busy waiting, sleep and wake, semaphore, mutex, critical section objects, events, device, device drivers, how to clause an RTOS, Integration, and testing of embedded hardware and fire ware.

UNIT-VI:

Simulators, emulators, Debuggers, Embedded Product Development life cycle (EDLC), Trends in embedded Industry, Introduction to ARM family of the processor.

Important Questions

  • Explain VLSI and Integrated Circuit design.
  • Discuss the guidelines for PCB layout.
  • Compare Super loop-based and OS based embedded firmware design.
  • What is the interrupt sources and explain the interrupt service mechanism?
  • Explain Task Scheduling including its scheduling Algorithms.
  • Discuss fundamental issues in Hardware-Software Co-Design.
  • Explain the various elements of an embedded system development environment.
  • Explain Disassembler and Decompiler and their role in embedded firmware development.
  • Discuss all the Laboratory tools for embedded system implementation and testing.
  • What are Embedded systems? Give the classification of Embedded systems.
  • Explain various interfaces for external communication
  • Explain important characteristics of an embedded system.
  • Briefly, discuss different application areas for Embedded systems.

Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech 4th Year Mobile Computing 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Introducing Mobile Computing

The technology of cellular communication is rapidly expanding. From wireless LANs to satellite services, the information access process is being made more comfortable than ever. We’re talking about the portability of data and its development, which is rapid.

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Mobile Computing PPTDownload
Mobile Computing Question PaperDownload

Recommended Books

  •  “GENESIS : Personal Communication Device”. GENESIS 191A321 Document, 1993.
  •  “Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems Projects”. Department of Transportation, Minnesota Document, March 1994.
  • “Intelligent Transportation Systems Projects”. Department of Transportation, Minnesota Document, January 1995.
  •  J. Arlook and Randall Jones. “Tracking IVHS: Where It is and Where It is Going”. In Geo-Information Systems^ November/December 1993.
  •  D. Barbara and T. Imielinski. “Sleepers and Workaholics: Caching Strategies in Mobile Environments”. In Proc. of SIGMOD Conference on Management of Data, pages 1-12. ACM, 1994.
  • Jochen Schiller, “Mobile Communications”, Addison-Wesley, Second Edition, 2009.
  • Raj Kamal, “Mobile Computing”, Oxford University Press, 2007, ISBN: 0195686772
  •  ASOKE K TALUKDER, HASAN AHMED, ROOPA R YAVAGAL, “Mobile Computing, Technology Applications and Service Creation” Second Edition, Mc Graw Hill.
  • UWE Hansmann, Lother Merk, Martin S. Nicklaus, Thomas Stober, “Principles of Mobile Computing,” Second Edition, Springer.

Syllabus

UNIT- I

Introduction: Mobile Communications, Mobile Computing – Paradigm, Promises/Novel Applications and Impediments and Architecture; Mobile and Handheld Devices, Limitations of
Mobile and Handheld Devices. GSM – Services, System Architecture, Radio Interfaces, Protocols, Localization, Calling, Handover, Security, New Data Services, GPRS.

UNIT –II

(Wireless) Medium Access Control (MAC): Motivation for a specialized MAC (Hidden and exposed terminals, Near and far terminals), SDMA, FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Wireless LAN/(IEEE 802.11)

UNIT –III

Mobile Network Layer: IP and Mobile IP Network Layers, Packet Delivery and Handover Management, Location Management, Registration, Tunneling and Encapsulation, Route Optimization, DHCP.

UNIT –IV

Mobile Transport Layer: Conventional TCP/IP Protocols, Indirect TCP, Snooping TCP, Mobile TCP, Other Transport Layer Protocols for Mobile Networks. Database Issues: Database Hoarding & Caching Techniques, Client-Server Computing & Adaptation, Transactional Models, Query processing, Data Recovery Process & QoS Issues.

UNIT- V

Data Dissemination and Synchronization: Communications Asymmetry, Classification of Data Delivery Mechanisms, Data Dissemination, Broadcast Models, Selective Tuning and Indexing Methods, Data Synchronization – Introduction, Software, and Protocols.

UNIT- VI

Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs): Introduction, Applications & Challenges of a MANET, Routing, Classification of Routing Algorithms, Algorithms such as DSR, AODV, DSDV, etc. , Mobile Agents, Service Discovery. Protocols and Platforms for Mobile Computing: WAP, Bluetooth, XML, J2ME, Java Card, PalmOS, Windows CE, SymbianOS, Linux for Mobile Devices, Android.

Important Questions

  • Explain the basic requirements of mobile IP.
  • Explain how tunneling works in general and especially for mobile IP using IP in-IP, minimal, and generic routing encapsulation respectively. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these three methods.
  •  Explain the concept behind the traditional TCP. What are the improvements that are made into the classical TCP?
  • Why do we go for ITCP? What the advantages and disadvantages of it.
  • Explain the operation of selective tuning and indexing techniques.
  • Describe domain-dependent specific rules for data synchronization.
  •  Explain the WML script used in mobile devices.
  • Discuss the MAC layer Bluetooth system.
  • Discuss the protocol architecture of GSM.
  • What are the functions of authentication and encryption in GSM?
  •  What are the motivations for a specialized MAC? Discuss in detail the multiple access with collision avoidance techniques

Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your Management of Machines and Materials 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Details on Management of Machines and Materials

Book TitleManagement of Machines and Materials
CourseMBA
LanguageEnglish
Year1st Year
Available inPDF, eBook Format
Edition2020
Similar BooksFood Processing Operations: Managements, Machines, & Materials Management of Machines and Materials Advances in Design, Simulation, and Manufacturing IGNOU MBA Management of Machines and Materials
Important TopicsOperations Management Facilities Planning Work and Job Design Operations Planning and Control Value Engineering and Quality Assurance Materials Management

Important Topics

  • Operations Management
  • Facilities Planning
  • Work and Job Desing
  • Operations Planning and Control
  • Value Engineering and Quality Assurance
  • Materials Management

Syllabus

Operations Management

  • Operations Management: An Overview

Facilities Planning

  • Product Selection
  • Process Selection
  • Facilities Location
  • Facilities Layout and Materials Handling
  • Capacity Planning

Work and Job Design

  • Work Design
  • Job Design

Operations Planning and Control

  • Planning and Control for Mass Production
  • Planning and Control for Batch Production
  • Planning and Control for Job Shop Production
  • Planning and Control of Projects
  • Maintenance Management

Value Engineering and Quality Assurance

  • Value Engineering
  • Quality Assurance

Materials Management

  • Purchase System and Procedure
  • Inventory Management
  • Stores Management
  • Standardization, Codification, and Variety Reduction
  • Waste Management

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Management of Machines and Materials NotesDownload Links
Operations ManagementDownload
Facilities PlanningDownload
Work and Job DesignDownload
Operations Planning and ControlDownload
Value Engineering and Quality AssuranceDownload
Materials ManagementDownload

 Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech Operation Research 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

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Recommended Books

  •  P. Sankara Iyer,” Operations Research”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2008.
  • A.M. Natarajan, P. Balasubramani, A. Tamilarasi, “Operations Research”, Pearson Education, 2005.
  •  J K Sharma. “Operations Research Theory & Applications, 3e”, Macmillan India Ltd, 2007.
  • P. K. Gupta and D. S. Hira, “Operations Research”, S. Chand & co., 2007.
  • J K Sharma., “Operations Research, Problems and Solutions, 3e”, Macmillan India Ltd
  •  N.V.S. Raju, “Operations Research”, HI-TECH, 2002

Syllabus

UNIT-I:

Introduction to Operations Research: Basics definition, scope, objectives, phases, models, and limitations of Operations Research. Linear Programming Problem – Formulation of LPP, Graphical solution of LPP. Simple Method, Artificial variables, big-M method, two-phase method, degeneracy, and unbound solutions.

UNIT-II:

Transportation Problem. Formulation, solution, unbalanced Transportation problem. Finding basic feasible solutions – Northwest corner rule, least cost method, and Vogel’s approximation method. Optimality test: the stepping stone method and MODI method

UNIT-III:

Assignment model. Formulation. The Hungarian method for the optimal solution. Solving the unbalanced problem. Traveling salesman problem and assignment problem Sequencing models. Solution of
Sequencing Problem – Processing n Jobs through 2 Machines – Processing n Jobs through 3 Machines – Processing 2 Jobs through m machines – Processing n Jobs through m Machines

UNIT-IV:

Dynamic programming. Characteristics of dynamic programming. Dynamic programming approach for Priority Management employment smoothening, capital budgeting, Stage Coach/Shortest Path, cargo loading and Reliability problems Games Theory. Competitive games, rectangular game, saddle point, minimax (maximin) method of optimal strategies, value of the game. Solution of games with saddle points, dominance principle. Rectangular games without saddle point – mixed strategy for 2 X 2 games

UNIT-V:

Replacement Models. The Replacement of Items that Deteriorate whose maintenance costs increase with time without change in the money value. Replacement of items that fail suddenly: individual replacement policy, group replacement policy

UNIT-VI:

Inventory models. Inventory costs. Models with deterministic demand – model (a) demand rate uniform and production rate infinite, model (b) demand rate non-uniform and production rate
infinite, model (c) demand rate uniform and production rate finite.

Important Questions

  • Explain briefly the characteristics of a queuing system.
  • A TV repairman finds that the time spent on his jobs has an exponential distribution with mean 30 minutes. If he repairs sets in the order in which they come in, and if the arrival of sets is approximately Poison with an average rate of 10 per 8 hour day, what is repairman’s expected idle time each day? How many jobs are ahead of the average set just brought in?
  • Find the optimal economic order quantity for a product having the following characteristics: Annual demand=2400 unit Ordering cost=Rs.100 Cost of storage=24% of unit cost
  • What are the demerits of dynamic programming?
  •  What are the pre-requisites for applying dynamic programming?
  • Discuss the types of simulation models.
  • What do you understand by simulation? Explain briefly its advantages and disadvantages.

 Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech 3rd Year Human-Computer Interaction 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Human Interaction

Research in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) in today’s world has fundamentally changed computing. For instance, the spectacular growth of World Wide Web is an outcome of the HCI research – we’re talking about applying hypertext technology to browsers that will let them traverse a link across the world with a click of the mouse.

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Recommended Books for Human Computer Interaction

  • Wilbert O. Galitz, “The Essential Guide to User Interface Design”, Wiley India Edition
  • Price, Rogers, “Sharps Interaction Design”, Wiley India.
  •  Ben Schneidermann,” Designing the user interfaces”. 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Asia.
  •  Soren Lauesen, “User Interface Design” , Pearson Education
  • Alan Cooper, Robert Riemann, David Cronin, “Essentials of Interaction Design”, Wiley
  • Alan Dix, Janet Finlay, GreGoryd, Abowd, Russell, Bealg,”human-computer Interaction”, Pearson Education.

Syllabus

UNIT-I:

The User Interface: Introduction, Importance of the User Interface, Importance, and benefits of Good Design History of Human-Computer Interface. Characteristics of Graphical and Web User Interface: Graphical User Interface, the popularity of graphics, concepts of Direct Manipulation, Graphical System advantage and disadvantage, Characteristics of GUI. Web User Interface, the popularity of the web, Characteristics of Web Interface, Merging of Graphical Business systems& the Web, Principles of User Interface Design

UNIT-II:

The User Interface Design Process: Obstacles and Pitfall in the Development Process, Usability, The Design Team, Human Interaction with Computers, Important Human Characteristics in
Design, Human Consideration in Design, Human Interaction Speeds, Performance versus Preference, Methods for Gaining and Understanding of Users

UNIT-III:

Understanding Business Functions: Business Definitions & Requirement analysis, Determining Business Functions, Design standards or Style Guides, System Training and Documentation

UNIT-IV:

Principles of Good Screen Design: Human considerations in screen Design, interface design goals, test for a good design, screen meaning and purpose, Technological considerations in Interface Design System Menus and Navigation Schemes: Structure, Functions, Context, Formatting, Phrasing and Selecting, Navigating of Menus, Kinds of Graphical Menus Windows Interface: Windows characteristic, Components of Window, Windows Presentation Styles, Types of Windows, Window Management, Web systems

UNIT-V:

Device and Screen-Based Control: Device-based controls, Operable Controls, Text entry/read- Only Controls, Section Controls, Combining Entry/Selection Controls, Other Operable Controls and Presentation Controls, Selecting proper controls

UNIT-VI:

Effective Feedback Guidance and Assistance: Providing the Proper Feedback, Guidance and Assistance Effective Internationalization and Accessibility- International consideration, Accessibility, Create meaningful Graphics, Icons and Images, Colors-uses, possible problems with colors, choosing colors

Important Questions

  • Describe five main issues that may affect the design, implementation or marketing
  • Explain Shneiderman’s three pillars of design
  • Discuss the classification of Menus
  • Provide three examples of an application where menu selection and form filling are more appropriate than a direct-manipulation strategy
  • Elaborate on various pointing devices
  • What are the various abbreviation strategies and also discuss on abbreviation guidelines
  •  What are the guidelines for alphanumeric displays, spreadsheets, and Graphs
  •  List a few common mistakes of web-based display of information
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of reading on paper and reading on a computer display
  • “Online communities are useful for User Assistance” – Justify this statement describing various weaknesses and strengths
  •  What is Information Visualization? Explain how it caters to the perceptual abilities of humans
  • Explain advanced filtering and search techniques

 Here, we have provided the links containing the study materials, which will help you study and prepare for your B.Tech 3rd Year Data Structure 2020 edition examinations. Referring to the connections we’ve provided below and the links containing the study materials in PDF format, and the list of recommended books that we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you with further details that will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything quickly and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Data Structure

Data structure represents the logical relationship which exists between different singular elements of data. Data structure is a way of organizing every data items that consider not alone the elements which are stored, but also their relationship to each other.

Download Data Structure in ‘C’ Study Materials

DS ebook pdf free downloadDownload
Data structure using c Notes pdfDownload
Data structures study material pdfDownload
Data Structures Question paperDownload
 Data Structures Text Book Pdf Download

Recommended Books

  • Data structures, Algorithms, and Applications in C++, S.Sahni, University Press (India) Pvt.Ltd, 2nd edition, Universities Press Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd.
  • Data structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++, Mark Allen Weiss, Pearson Education. Ltd., Second Edition.
  • Data structures and algorithms in C++, 3rd Edition, Adam Drozdek, Thomson
  • Data structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++, Mark Allen Weiss, Pearson Education. Ltd., Second Edition.
  • Data structures using C and C++, Langsam, Augenstein and Tanenbaum, PHI.
  • Problem-solving with C++, The OOP, Fourth edition, W.Savitch, Pearson education.

Syllabus

UNIT-I: ARRAYS

Abstract Data Type, The Array as an Abstract Data Type, The Polynomial Abstract Data type- Polynomial Representation- Polynomial Addition. Spares Matrices, Introduction- Sparse Matrix Representation- Transposing a Matrix- Matrix Multiplication, Representation of Arrays.

UNIT-II: STACKS AND QUEUES

The Stack Abstract Data Type, The Queue Abstract Data Type, Evaluation of Expressions, Expression- Postfix Notation- Infix to Postfix.

UNIT-III: LINKED LISTS

Single Linked List and Chains, Circular Lists, Available Space Lists, Linked Stacks and Queues, Polynomials, Polynomial Representation- Adding Polynomials- Circular List Representation of Polynomials, Equivalence Classes, Sparse Matrices, Sparse Matrix Representation- Sparse Matrix Input- Deleting a Sparse Matrix, Doubly Linked Lists, Generalized Lists, Representation of Generalized Lists- Recursive Algorithms for Lists- Reference Counts, Shared and Recursive Lists

UNIT-IV: TREES

Representation of Trees, Binary Trees, The Abstract Data Type, Properties of Binary Tress, Binary Tree Representations, Binary Tree Traversal, Introduction, Inorder Traversal Preorder Traversal, Postorder Traversal, Thread Binary Trees, Threads, Inorder Traversal of a Threaded Binary Tree, Inserting a Node into a Threaded Binary Tree, Heaps, Priority Queues, Definition of a Max Heap, Insertion into a Max Heap, Deletion from a Max Heap, Binary Search Trees, Definition, Searching a Binary Search Tree, Insertion into a Binary Search Tree, Deletion from a Binary Search Tree, Height of Binary Search Tree.

UNIT-V: GRAPHS

The Graph Abstract Data Type, Introduction, Definition, Graph Representation, Elementary Graph Operation, Depth First Search, Breadth First Search, Connected Components, Spanning Trees,
Biconnected Components, Minimum Cost Spanning Trees, Kruskal S Algorithm, Prims Algorithm, Sollin’s Algorithm, Shortest Paths, and Transitive Closure, Single Source/All Destination: Nonnegative Edge Cost, Single Source/All Destination: General Weights, All-Pairs Shortest Path, Transitive Closure.

UNIT-VI: SORTING

Insertion Sort, Quick Sort, Merge Sort Merging, Iterative Merge Sort, Recursive Merge Sort, Heap Sort, Summary of Internal Sorting

Important Questions

  • Define an algorithm.
  • State the various steps in developing algorithms?
  • State the properties of algorithms.
  • Define the efficiency of an algorithm?
  • State the various methods to estimate the efficiency of an algorithm.
  • Define the time complexity of an algorithm?
  • Define the worst case of an algorithm.
  • Mention the various spaces utilized by a program.
  • Define the average case of an algorithm.
  • Define the best case of an algorithm.
  • What is the importance of the stopping case in recursive functions?
  • Write a function with one positive integer parameter called n. The function will
  • write 2^n-1 integers (where ^ is the exponentiation operation). Here are the patterns of output for various values of n: n=1: Output is: 1; n=2: Output is: 1 2 1; n=3: Output is: 1 2 1 3 1 2 1; n=4: Output is: 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 And so on. Note that the output for n always consists of the output for n-1, followed by n itself, followed by a second copy of the output for n-1.
  • Write a recursive function for the mathematical function: f(n) = 1 if n = 1; f(n) = 2 * f(n-1) if n >= 2
  • Which method is preferable in general?

a) Recursive method
b) Non-recursive method

  • Write a function using Recursion to print numbers from n to 0.
  •  Write a function using Recursion to enter and display a string in reverse and state whether the string contains any spaces. Don’t use arrays/strings.