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Agriculture in India Syllabus Notes 2021 Download Study Materials BOOK PDF

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AS OF JUNE 2018 -The Current Scenario of Agricultural Sector in India

  1. India is among the 15 leading exporters of agricultural products in the world.
  2. Total agricultural exports from India grew at a CAGR of 16.45 per cent over FY10-18 to reach US$ 38.21 billion in FY18.
  3. The contribution of agriculture to total export was 12.26 per cent in FY17.
  4. Tea exports from India reached a 36 year high of 240.68 million kgs in CY 2017
  5. Gross Value Added by agriculture, forestry and fishing is estimated at Rs 17.67 trillion (US$ 274.23 billion) in FY18*.
  6. Agriculture and allied sector’s GVA at constant 2011-12 prices grew a CAGR of 2.75 per cent between FY12-18.
  7. Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for about 58 per cent of India’s population.
  8. As per Union Budget 2018-19, allocation of Rs 57,600 crore (US$ 8.9 billion) was made for The Agriculture Ministry.

MAJOR CROP TYPES IN INDIA

Food Crops – Rice, wheat, maize, millets, pulses
Cash Crops – Sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute
Plantation Crops – coffee, coconut, tea, rubber
Horticulture – Fruits and vegetables

PROBLEMS FACED BY THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR – INDIA

  1. Rudimentary infrastructure and policies leads to slow agricultural growth
  2. The average size of land holdings is small
  3. Poor socio-economic condition of farmers
  4. Use of technology is inadequate
  5. Disastrous consequences of hazards
  6. Excessive Pressure on Land

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