Skip to content

Comprehension for UPSC Prelims Syllabus Notes 2021 Download Study Materials BOOK PDF

Here, we have provided the links which contains the study materials which will help you in studying and preparing for your examinations of the Comprehension for UPSC Prelims. Referring to the links we’ve provided below and the links which contains the study materials of Comprehension for UPSC Prelims. PDF Format along with the list of recommended books which we’ve provided below, you will be able to ace your examinations. We have also provided you the further details which will allow you to do well in your exams and learn more. These study materials help you understand the concepts and everything easily and creates a better space for you to work on. These study materials give you the best resources to study from.

Free Download Study Materials

Every year, they release notifications for several vacant posts, so required people interested in the job can apply for the job. To ace the exam, every candidate needs to prepare for the exam as per the syllabus and information provided in the study materials exclusively for this purpose. To get the study materials that are required, you must download the files provided below. You can click on the links given below to download the files and then study them. We hope you find our resources helpful. Every student who has studied using our study materials finds the exam easy to ace since question banks and solution keys are attached along. Once you’ve mastered the content provided in the study materials we’ve provided for you, you have nothing to worry about when it comes to acing the exam. Use our resources to study well for your exam and get your dream job

 PASSAGE 1

Global population was around 1.6 billion in 1990—today it is around 7.2 billion and growing. Recent estimates on population growth predict a global population of 9.6 billion in 2050 and 10.9 billion in 2100. Unlike Europe and North America, where only three to four per cent of population is engaged in agriculture, around 47 per cent of India’s population is dependent upon agriculture. Even if India continues to do well in the service sector and the manufacturing sector picks up, it is expected that around 2030 when India overtakes China as the world’s most populous country, nearly 42 per cent of India’s population will still be predominantly dependent on agriculture.

QUESTION 1 

Which of the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

(a) Prosperity of agriculture sector is of critical importance to India.
(b) Indian economy greatly depends on its agriculture.
(c) India should take strict measures to control its rapid population growth.
(d) India’s farming communities should switch over to other occupations to improve their economic conditions.

ANSWER WITH EXPLANATION:

(d) India’s farming communities should switch over to other occupations to improve their economic conditions. because not evenimplied remotely

(c) India should take strict measures to control its rapid population growth.  Again this was never implied or intended

(a) Prosperity of agriculture sector is of critical importance to India. Even though some statements may appear to be true with regard to universal truth or based upon your opinions these ideas are not directly conveyed in the flow of ideas within th given paaragraph

(b) Indian economy greatly depends on its agriculture

PASSAGE 2
Many pathogens that cause foodborne illnesses are unknown. Food contamination can occur at any stage from farm to plate. Since most cases of food poisoning go unreported, the true extent of global foodborne illnesses is unknown. Improvements in international monitoring have led to greater public awareness, yet the rapid globalization of food production increases consumers’ vulnerability by making food harder to regulate and trace. “We have the world on our plates”, says an official of WHO.

QUESTION 2

Which of the following is the most logical corollary to the above passage?

(a) With more options for food come more risks.

(b) Food processing is the source of all food borne illnesses.

(c) We should depend on locally produced food only.

(d) Globalization of food production should be curtailed.

ANSWER WITH EXPLANATION

(c) We should depend on locally produced food only.

(d) Globalization of food production should be curtailed.

Unless otherwise assumed these answers cannot be true

(b) Food processing is the source of all food borne illnesses. Though this seems to be the implied meaning this cannot be true because it is just a crude assumption we  hardly constructed from the passage

(a) With more options for food come more risks.

This option can be the answer because wildly this is the implied meaning though explicitly unstated

PASSAGE 3

I am a scientist, privileged to be somebody who tries to understand nature using the tools of science. But it is also clear that there are some really important questions that science cannot really answer, such as : Why is there something instead of nothing? Why are we here? In those domains, I have found that faith provides a better path to answers. I find it oddly anachronistic that in today’s culture there seems to be a widespread presumption that scientific and spiritual views are incompatible.

QUESTION 3

Which of the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

(a) It is the faith and not science that can finally solve all the problems of mankind.

b) Science and faith can be mutually complementary if their proper domains are understood.

(c) There are some very fundamental questions which cannot be answered by either science or faith.

(d) In today’s culture, scientific views are given more importance than spiritual views.

ANSWER WITH EXPLANATION

Reading through the passage clearly throws the fact that the narrator believes both science and faith, are important in arriving at certain answers; hence the only option that proves this to be true is

b) Science and faith can be mutually complementary if their proper domains are understood.

Hence complementary, provided you have previous known what complementary means

PASSAGE 4

Though I have discarded much of past tradition and custom, and am anxious that India should rid herself of all shackles that bind and contain her and divide her people, and suppress vast numbers of them, and prevent the free development of the body and the spirit; though I seek all this, yet I do not wish to cut myself off from that past completely. I am proud of that great inheritance that has been and is, ours and I am conscious that I too, like all of us, am a link in that unbroken chain which goes back to the dawn of history in the immemorial past of India.

QUESTION 4

The author wants India to rid herself of certain past bonds because

(a) he is not able to see the relevance of the past

(b) there is not much to be proud of

(c) he is not interested in the history of India

(d) they obstruct her physical and spiritual growth

ANSWER 4

The passage directly answers the question provided, with a little synonymous terms like physical for body and Spiritual for spirit. Hence you can easily answer the question form the above passage

(d) they obstruct her physical and spiritual growth

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *