Engineering Chemistry: You can download the Study materials and notes for Engineering Chemistry in PDF files from the official website.
Engineering Chemistry Books
Candidates who are in search of the books for the first year Engineering Books can check the official website. We have updated the books which are needed for the preparation for the examination. In this article, we are going to concentrate on the subject Engineering Chemistry. The primary aim of this subject is to give the necessary knowledge of chemistry in the field of engineering which will be helpful for the further study.
Engineering Chemistry Books 2018
Engineering Chemistry is a core subject of Engineering in the first year. Candidates must have basic knowledge about chemistry so that it will be helpful for their future studies and can apply it there. We are proving the best books recommended by experts so that the learning process will be natural. We are also Providing the detailed syllabus of the subject so that candidates can follow the curriculum are prepare according to that.
ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS (CE, ME, PCE, PE, Met.E, Mining, Automobile, Aeronautical, Chemical, Bio.tech.)
UNIT I: HIGH POLYMERS AND PLASTICS
Polymerisation:- Introduction- Mechanism of polymerization – Stereoregular polymers – methods of polymerization (emulsion and suspension) -Physical and mechanical properties –
Plastics as engineering materials : advantages and limitations –Thermoplastics and Thermosetting plastics – Compounding and fabrication (4/5 techniques)- Preparation, properties and applications of polyethene, PVC, Bakelite Teflon and polycarbonates Elastomers :- Natural rubber- compounding and vulcanization – Synthetic rubbers : Buna S, Buna N, Thiokol and polyurethanes – Applications of elastomers. Composite materials & Fiber reinforced plastics – Biodegradable polymers –Conducting
UNIT II: FUEL TECHNOLOGY
Fuels – Introduction – Classification – Calorific value – HCV and LCV – Dulong’s formula – Bomb calorimeter – Numerical problems – Coal –– Proximate and ultimate analysis – Significance of the reviews – Liquid fuels – Petroleum- Refining – Cracking – Synthetic petrol –Petrol knocking – Diesel knocking – Octane and Cetane ratings – Anti-knock agents – Power alcohol – Bio-diesel – Gaseous fuels – Natural gas, LPG and CNG –Combustion – Calculation of air for the combustion of a fuel – Flue gas analysis – Orsat apparatus – Numerical problems on combustion. Explosives:- Rocket fuels
UNIT III: ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS AND CORROSION
Galvanic cells – Reversible and irreversible cells – Single electrode potential – Electrochemical series and uses of this series- Standard electrodes (Hydrogen and Calomel electrodes) Concentration Cells – Batteries: Dry Cell – Ni-Cd cells – Ni-Metal hydride cells – Li cells – Zinc-air cells.
Corrosion:- Definition – Theories of Corrosion (chemical & electrochemical) – Formation of galvanic cells by different metals, by concentration cells, by differential aeration and waterline
corrosion – Passivity of metals – Pitting corrosion – Galvanic series – Factors which influence the rate of corrosion – Protection from corrosion – Design and material selection – Cathodic protection – Protective coatings: – Surface preparation – Metallic (cathodic and anodic) coatings – Methods of application on metals (Galvanizing, Tinning, Electroplating, Electroless plating).
UNIT IV: CHEMISTRY OF ADVANCED MATERIALS
Nanomaterials:- Introduction – Sol-gel method & chemical reduction method of preparation – Characterization by BET method and TEM methods – Carbon nanotubes and fullerenes: Types, development, properties, and applications
Liquid crystals:- Introduction – Types – Applications
Superconductors:-Type –I, Type II – Characteristics and applications Green synthesis:- Principles – 3or four methods of synthesis with examples – R4M4 principles
UNIT V: WATER TECHNOLOGY
Hard water:- Reasons for hardness – units of hardness – determination of hardness and alkalinity – Water for steam generation – Boiler troubles – Priming and Foaming, Scale formation, Boiler corrosion, Caustic embrittlement – Internal treatments – Softening of Hard water : Lime – Soda process, Zeolite process and numerical problems based on these processes and Ion Exchange process – Water for drinking purposes- Purification – Sterilization and disinfection : Chlorination, Breakpoint chlorination and other methods – Reverse Osmosis and Electro Dialysis.
UNIT VI: CHEMISTRY OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND FUEL CELLS
Refractories: – Definition, characteristics, classification, properties, failure of refractories Lubricants: – Definition, function, Theory, and mechanism of lubricants, properties (Definition and importance)
Cement: – Constituents, manufacturing, hardening and setting, deterioration of adhesive
Insulators: – Thermal and electrical insulators
Fuel cells: – Hydrogen Oxygen fuel cells – Methanol Oxygen fuel cells
Outcome: The advantages and limitations of plastic materials and their use in design would be understood. Fuels which are used commonly and their economics, benefits, and limitations are
Discussed. Reasons for corrosion and some methods of corrosion control would be appreciated. The students would be now aware of materials like nanomaterials and fullerenes and their uses. Similarly, liquid crystals and superconductors are understood. The importance of green synthesis is well recognized and how they are different from conventional methods is also explained. The impurities present in raw water, problems associated with them and how to avoid them are understood. The advantages and limitations of plastic materials and their use in design would be recognized. The commonly used industrial elements are introduced.
Engineering Chemistry notes pdf
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Suggested Books for Engineering Chemistry- 1st Year
- Engineering Chemistry by Jain and Jain; Dhanpat Rai Publication Co.
- Engineering Chemistry by Shikha Agarwal; Cambridge University Press, 2015 edition.
- Engineering Chemistry of Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., Vairam and others, 2014 edition (second).
- Engineering Chemistry by Prasanth Rath, Cengage Learning, 2015 edition.
- A textbook of Engineering Chemistry by S. S. Dara; S. Chand & Co Ltd., Latest Edition
- Applied Chemistry by H.D. Gesser, Springer Publishers
- Textbook of Nano-science and nanotechnology by B.S. Murthy, P. Shankar and others, University Press, IIM
- B. Siva Shankar, “Engineering Chemistry,” Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Limited, 3rd Edition, 2015.
- S. S. Dara, Mukkanti, “Text of Engineering Chemistry,” S. Chand & Co, New Delhi, 12th Edition, 2006.
- C. V. Agarwal, C. P. Murthy, A. Naidu, “Chemistry of Engineering Materials,” Wiley India, 5th Edition, 2013.
- R. P. Mani, K. N. Mishra, “Chemistry of Engineering Materials,” Cengage Learning, 3rd Edition, 2015.
Frequently Asked Questions
- 2 litres of water obtained from a borewell in Patancheru near Hyderabad gave the following analysis for salts :- FeSO4 = 30.4 mg; CaSO4 = 13.6mg; MgCl2 = 38 mg; Ca(HCO3)2 = 32.4 mg; Mg(HCO3)2 = 14.6mg; NaCl = 11.7 mg.
- Find out the total hardness of water in ppm units, giving temporary and permanent hardness assuming the atomic mass of Fe to be 56, that of Ca to be 40, that of Mg to be 24 and that of Nato be 23.
- What are the Constituents of petroleum? Describe the Origin of oil.
- Give an account of the production of petrol from crude oil.
- The analysis of fuel gases was found to contain the following percentage by Volume CO2=13%, O2 =6%. Find the air per kg of coal if the carbon content of coal is 85%.
- A producer gas has the following composition by volume. H2=10.4%, CH4 =35%, CO=25%, CO2=10.8%, N2=50.3%. Calculate the quantity of air required per m3 of gas. If 20% excess air is supplied, find the percentage composition of the products of combustion. [8+8]
- How are the refractories are classified? Give one example for each class.
- Write a note on the conditions leading to failure of a refractory material. [8+8] 8. Write a letter on lubricants with special reference to their classification, mode of action, examples, and applications.
- What are the drawbacks of raw rubber? How are its properties improved?
- How is Buna – S Rubber prepared? Write its uses.
- What is meant by “softening” of water?
- How is the “Softening” of water carried out using the Zeolite Process?
- What is alkalinity of water due to and how it is estimated?
- Calculate the quantities (in Kgs) of lime and soda required to soften 50,000 liters of hard water containing the following salts:-
MgCl2 = 95 PPM; Mg(HCO3)2 = 146 PPM; CaSO4 = 136 PPM; Ca(HCO3)2 = 162 PPM
- Assume that the lime used is only 85% pure and soda is only 95% pure and the molar masses of Mg(HCO3)2 and CaSO4 are respectively 146 and 136.
- What is coal? How is it formed? Discuss the qualities of good coal.
- Give the Classification of coal and explain each class for example.
- With a neat diagram describe the orsat gas analysis method. What is the special precaution to be taken in the measurement?
- Define calorific values of a fuel. Distinguish gross and net calorific value. [8+8] 7. What are Refractories? Explain Thermal spalling, strength and porosity of the refractories.
- Explain the following two theories for the mechanism of the lubricants.
(a) Boundary lubrication
(b) Extreme pressure lubrication.
We have updated all the necessary materials which are needed for the preparation for the examination. So without further delay, candidates can download the Books in a single file for free or can pruchase it directly. Practice all the Questions which are mentioned above to get a better idea of the subject. Make sure that you share this link with your friends o that these books will be helpful for them also
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