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Reading Comprehension Exercise Notes 2021 Download Study Materials BOOK PDF

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Reading Comprehension

Directions (1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

A couple of weeks ago I was asked what I thought the future of technology in education was. It is a really interesting question and one that I am required to think about all the time. By its very nature, technology changes a fast pace and making it accessible to pupils, teachers and other stakeholders is an ongoing challenge.

            So what is the future? Is it the iPad?

No I don’t think it is. For me, the future is not about one specific device. Don’t get m e wrong, I love the iPad. In fact, I have just finished a trial to see if using them really does support teaching and learning – and they have proved effective. I’ve written about the trial in more detail on my blog. iPads and other mobile technology are the ‘now’. Although, they will play a part in the future, some years ago the iPad didn’t even exist. We don’t know what will be the current technology in other four years. Perhaps it will be wearable devices such an Google Glass, although I suspect that tablets will still be used in education.

The future is about access, anywhere learning and collaboration, both locally and globally. Teaching and learning is going to be social. Schools of the future could have a traditional cohort of students, as well as online only students who live across the country or even the world. Things are already starting to move this way with the emergence of massive open online courses (moocs). For me, the future of technology in education is the cloud.

Technology can often be a barrier to teaching and learning. I think the cloud will go a long way to removing this barrier. Why? By removing the number of things that can go wrong.

Schools, will only need one major thing to be prepared for the future. They will not need software installed, servers or local file storage. Schools will need a fast robust internet connection. Infrastructure is paramount to the future of technology in education.

We don’t know what the new ‘in’ device will be in the future. What we do know, is that it will need the cloud. Schools and other educational institutions will need to future proof their infrastructure the best they can.

This should be happening now. If you want to start to use mobile technology in your school, water it is an iPad program or a bring your own device (BYOD) program your connectivity must be fast and reliable, Student and teacher buy in, is so important. If the network is slow and things are not working properly students and teachers will not want to use the devices. Make sure the infrastructure is there before the devices.

Teachers can use the cloud to set, Collect and grade work online. Students will have instant access to grades, comments and work via a computer, smartphone or tablet. Many schools are already doing this. Plus, services such as the educational social network Edmodo offer this for free.

This is where devices come in. All devices no matter which ones we will use in the future will need to access the cloud. Each student will have their own. Either a device specified by the school or one they have chosen to bring in themselves.

School classrooms are going to change. Thanks to the cloud and mobile devices, technology will be integrated into every part of school. In fact, it won’t just be the classrooms that will change. Games fields, gyms and school trips will all change. Whether offsite or on site the school, teachers, students and support staff will all be connected. In  my ideal world, all classrooms will be paperless.

With the cloud, the world will be our classroom. E-learning will change teaching and learning. Students can learn from anywhere and teaches can teach from any where.

The cloud can also encourage independent learning. Teachers could adopt a flipped classroom approach more often. Students will take ownership of their own learning. Teachers can put resources for students online for students to use. These could be videos, Documents, audio podcasts or interactive images. All of these resources can be accessed via a student’s computer, smartphone or tablet. As long as they have an internet connection either via Wifi, 3G or 4G they are good to go Rather than being ‘taught’ students can learn independently and in their own way. There is also a massive amount of resources online that students can find and use themselves,Without the help of the teacher.

            This of course means the role of the teacher will change.

Shred applications and documents on the cloud, such as Google Apps will allow for more social lessons. How often do students get an opportunity to collaborate productively using technology in the classroom? It isn’t always easy. However, students working on documents together using Google Apps are easy. They could be in the same room or in different countries. These are all good skills for students to have. Of course, these collaborative tools are also very useful for teacher. I for one have worked on several projects where these tools have let me work with people across the country. Some of which I have never met.

What we must remember is that when schools adopt new technology and services, they must be evaluated. This way, as a school, you know if they are successful and what improvements are needed. Staff will also need training ,you can’t expect staff to use new technology if they are not confident users or creators. Any initiative is doomed to failure without well trained, confident staff who can see how technology can support and benefit teaching and learning.

Plenty of schools have already Embraced this, but there’s still a way to go to ensure all schools are ready for the future of technology. It is time for all schools to embrace the cloud.

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Meanings of difficult words/ phrases

(1) cohort (N.): a group of people who share a common feature/aspect of behaviour

(2) the cloud (N.):  a network of computers that control/supply information to other computers on which data and software can be stored/ managed and to which users have access over the Internet

1) What do you think should be the most appropriate title of the given passage?

(a) Future of Technology in Education

(b) Technology-Barrier to Education

(c) Massive Open Online Courses

(d) Hypothetical Approach to Education

(e) None of these

2) Which of the following statements is NOT CORRECT as per the context of the given article?

(a) According to the writer of this article, future of technology in education is cloud.

(b) The writer sees ipad as the only future in education.

(c) Schools will need a fast robust internet connection for getting advantage of technology.

(d) The writer opines that ipads and other mobile technology are the ‘now’ and play a part in the future.

(e) None of these

3) The writer advocates about the use of cloud. Which of the following statement(S) is/are true in this regard?

I. Teachers can use the cloud to set, collect and grade work online.

II. Students will have instant access to grades, comments and work via computer etc.

III. Service such as the educational social network Edmodo offer facilities to students for free.

(a) Only I

(b) Only II

(c) Both II and III

(d) All three I, II and III

(e) Both I and II

4)The writer opines that with the use of cloud, schools rooms will change and many facilities will be available. Which of the following changes will be perceived in education?

(a) With the cloud, the world will be our classroom

(b) Students can learn from anywhere and teachers can teach from anywhere

(c) Students will take ownership of their own learning

(d) Teachers can put resources for students online to use

(d) All the above

5) Which of the following statements(S) is/are Not true in the context of the given passage?

 I. Shared applications and documents on the cloud, such as Google Apps will allow for more social lessons.

 II. Teachers could adopt a flipped classroom approach more of ten after cloud.

III. A few schools have already embraced new cloud technology.

(a) Only I

(b) Only II

(c) Only III

(d) Both I and III

(e) None

Directions (6-8): Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word  / group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.


(a) Sturdy                                 (b) roguish

(c) roasting                               (d) rusting

(e) dazed

7)  Emergence

(a) transpiration                        (b) empire

(c) emplacement                       (d) empathy

(e) eminence

8) Collaborate

(a) work together                      (b) collect

(c) collide                                 (d) corroborate

(e) colonize

Directions (9-10): Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.

9) Paramount

(a) very important                     (b)less important

(c)morally high                         (d) paranoid

(e) parched

10)  Embrace

(a) hug                                     (b) accept

(c) reject                                   (d) include

(e) embroll

For More Exercise Questions – Download Reading Comprehension Questions PDF

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