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Here, you can check out the links provided below to check out the links which we have provided for you to get the study materials of notes, books, textbooks, and lecture notes for the subject of Managerial Economics for MBA 1st year studies. Every student of MBA will find this useful for their educational purposes and even exams which are written from outside. The core courses which appear in the MBA course are Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Statistics. You can easily download the study materials from the links which has been provided below. Please stay tuned to our website for further updates.

Notes, Lecture notes, Textbooks, for MBA 1st year, Managerial Economics

An economy  is a system which provides support and helps in solving the basic economic problem faced by the businesses. Managers as well as CEO’s of large corporate bodies and other small companies, non profit organizations and service centres does not succeed in business without a clear cut understanding of market forces creating opportunities and constraints for business enterprises. “Managerial economics is the study of how scarce resources are
directed most efficiently to achieve managerial goals.”

Study Materials of MBA 1st Year Managerial Economics PDF Format

Managerial Economics Notes for MBA StudentsDownload Links
Managerial Economics Study material pdf Free DownloadDownload
MBA Managerial Economics Model Question PaperDownload
MBA Managerial Economic Text BookDownload

Recommended Books and Authors of Managerial Economics MBA 1st Year

  • Managerial Economics, Cengage Learning, Newdelhi, 2005 Geetika, Ghosh & Choudhury,
  • Managerial Economics, Tata Mcgrawhill, Newdelhi, 2011Barla C.S., Managerial Economics, National Publishing House, Raipur, 2000.
  • Craig Petersen H., W. Cris Lewis, Managerial Economics, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, 2003.
  • Dominick Salvatore, Theory and Problems of Micro Economic Theory,
  • Schuam’s outline series, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1992. Dewet K.K., Modern Economic Theory, Shyam Lal Charitable Trust, S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2005.
  • Yogesh Maheswari, Managerial Economics, Phi Learning,
    Newdelhi, 2005 Gupta G.S.,
  • Managerial Economics, Tata Mcgraw-Hill, New Delhi Moyer
  • Mote V.L., Samuel Paul and G.S. Gupta, Managerial Economics Concepts and Cases, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2001.
  • Koutsoyiannis. A Modern Micro Economics, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., London, 1979.
  • A. Koutsoyiannis, Modern Micro Economics, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., London, 1979.
  • S.K. Misra and V.K. Puri, Economics of Development and Planning, Himalaya Publishing House, New Delhi, 2002.
  • Morris Dobb, “A Note on the so-called Degree of Capital-Intensity of Investment in Underdeveloped Countries”, in On Economic Theory and Socialism, London, 1955.

Syllabus MBA Managerial Economics 1st Sem

Unit – I

General Foundations of Managerial Economics – Economic Approach – Circular Flow of Activity – Nature of the Firm – Objectives of Firms – Demand Analysis and Estimation – Individual, Market and Firm demand – Determinants of demand – Elasticity measures and Business Decision Making – Demand Forecasting.


Law of Variable Proportions – Theory of the Firm – Production
Functions in the Short and Long Run – Cost Functions Determinants of Costs – Cost Forecasting – Short Run and Long Run Costs –Type of Costs – Analysis of Risk and Uncertainty.


Product Markets -Determination Under Different Markets – Market Structure – Perfect Competition – Monopoly – Monopolistic Competition – Duopoly – Oligopoly – Pricing and Employment of Inputs Under Different Market Structures – Price Discrimination – Degrees of Price Discrimination.


Introduction to National Income – National Income Concepts – Models of National Income Determination – Economic Indicators – Technology and Employment – Issues and Challenges – Business Cycles – Phases – Management of Cyclical Fluctuations – Fiscal and Monetary Policies.

Unit – V

Macro Economic Environment – Economic Transition in India – A
quick Review – Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization – Business and Government – Public-Private Participation (PPP) – Industrial Finance – Foreign Direct Investment(FDIs).

Important Questions in MBA 1st Semester Managerial Economics

  • List the major objectives of the firm.
  • State the law of demand.
  •  Prepare a demanding schedule for an apple i-pad in the Indian market.
  •  Distinguish between the shift in demand and a movement along a demand curve.
  • Describe the circular flow of economic activity of India.
  • Discuss the nature of the firm.
  • List the factors which determine market demand for a commodity of your choice.
  • Distinguish between micro economics, macro economics and
    managerial economics.
  • How does managerial economics relate to other disciplines for propounding its theories?
  • Identify the areas of decision making where managerial economics prescribes specific solutions to business problems.
  • Discuss the role and responsibilities of a managerial economist.
  • Define demand.
  • What is managerial economics? Why does study managerial economics?

We have provided below the links which will allow every student to download the PDF Format of the subjects that come in MBA 2nd Semester Production and Operation Management – this includes notes, lecture notes, textbooks and other recommended guides which will help you study better when you’re studying for your examination and other tests. The core courses in an MBA course are Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Statistics. You can find the links which will easily help you download the study materials below.

Production And Operations Management Notes for MBA PDF Format

The cruciality of production and operation management is a process which can combine and transform a lot of resources which are basically used in the production/operation subsystem of the organization into value-added products as well as services in a controlled manner which goes by the policies of an organization. “The set of interrelated management activities which are involved in manufacturing certain products is called production management and for service management, the corresponding set of management activities is called as operation management.” A person cannot demarcate the starting and ending point of production and operation management within an establishment.

MBA 2nd Semester Production and Operation Management

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Recommended Books and Authors of MBA 2nd Semester Production and Operation Management Books

  • Production and Operations Management by Panneerselvam R; Publisher: Prentice Hall of India
  •  Operations Management by Shafer Scott M; Publisher: John Wiley
  • Succeeding in Project-Driven Organizations by Knutson Joan; Publisher: John Wiley
  • Production and Operations Management by Everette E. Adam, Jr. Ronald J. Ebert; Publisher: Prentice Hall of India
  • Production and Operations Management by N.G. Nair; Publisher: Tata Mc. Graw Hill

Syllabus of MBA 2nd Semester Production and Operation Management

Unit I:

Operations and Productivity: Operations Functions and Evolution of POM; Framework for Managing Operations; Operations Strategy; Trends in Operations Management

Unit 2:

Product and Process Design: Product Development; Product Design Tools; Design of Services; Flexible Manufacturing; Systems; Process Design: Types of Process, Modern Production Technologies; Process Reengineering

Unit 3:

Capacity Design: Capacity Management; Economies and Diseconomies of Scale and Learning Curve; Capacity Strategies;
Decision Trees

Unit 4:

Facility Location: Location Strategy and its Importance; Factors influencing Plant Location; Globalization; Location SelectionModels

Unit 5:

Layout Design: Layout Planning; Layout Types; Design of Product and Process Layouts; Job Design; Work Measurement

Unit 6:

Inventory Management: Basic Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) Model; Quantity Discount Models; Spare Parts Inventory; Material Resources Planning; Manufacturing Resource Planning; Purchasing Objectives

Unit 7:

Operations Planning and Scheduling Systems: Aggregate Planning and its Process; Master Scheduling; Aggregate Planning for Service Organizations; Operating Schedules; Sequencing Rules; Optimized Production Technology and Synchronous Manufacturing; Just in Time (JIT) Manufacturing System; Basics of SCM and ERP

Important Questions of MBA 2nd Semester Production and Operations Management

  • Discuss critically the different models of forecasting.
  • What are the possible consequences if a large-scale firm places its product in the market without having estimated the demand for its product?
  • Explain the regression method of demand forecasting.
  • What do you understand by operation and production management?
  • Define operation processes and explain its key components.
  • Discuss the various stages in the evolution of production and operation management discipline
  • How will environmental issues impact on the future of production and operations?
  • What is the function of a Production Manager? Is this function different from the function of a marketing manager?
  • Define the term “forecasting” What is its purpose? Describe the uses and limitations
    of the weighted moving average method of forecasting
  • What is the strategic perspective of operation and production management?
  • What are the future trends in production and operation management?

Here, we have provided below the Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility and Governance Notes, Lecture Notes, textbooks and other study materials for MBA 3rd Semester students to study better. The links that provide you the files which you can study has been provided below. This can be used for academic purposes to be done in a better way. It will become easy for you to learn the study materials since it has been given in a legible and simple way. You can find the study materials really easy to study. The core courses that come within the course of MBA is Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Statistics. You can find the study materials below in downloadable links which will download your pdf format of study materials easily.

Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility and Governance 3rd Semester MBA

Albert Schweitzer, who is a famous missionary physician and humanitarian has defined ethics as “our concern for good behavior. Here, what happens is that we begin to feel an obligation to consider not just our personal well being but to go beyond that and start to think of other people’s well being as well. This concept and meaning is similar to the precept of the Golden Rule – Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. We need to know that ethics on its own are principles and standards of human conduct which are sometimes also called morals. This, by extension is called moral philosophy.

Business ethics and corporate   governance notes for MBA pdfDOWNLOAD
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Recommended Books and Authors 3rd Semester MBA Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility and Governance

  •  Shaikh Sallcm (Business environment) peason 2nd ed.
  • National Commission on corporate Governance – SEBI & Mermtry of Corporate Affairs.
  • Baumol, W. J. (1959), “Business Behaviour, Value & Growth”, New York, Macmillan.
  • S.A. Sherlekar, Ethics in Management, Himalaya Publishing House, 2009.
  • William B. Werther and David B. Chandler, Strategic corporate social responsibility, Sage Publications Inc., 2011
  •  Robert A.G. Monks and Nell Minow, Corporate governance, John Wiley and Sons, 2011.
  •  Baumol, W. J. (1970), “Enlightened self-interest and corporate philanthropy” in “A New Rationale for Corporate Social Policy”, Committee for Economic Development, NY.
  •  Beesley, M. & Littlechild, S. (1994), “Privatization: Principles and Priorities” in Bishop, M., J. Kay & C. Mayer (eds.), “Privatization and Economic Performance”.
  • Bishop, M., J. Kay & C. Mayer (Eds.) (1994), “Privatization and Economic Performance”, Oxford University Press.
  • Boyd, C. (1990) in Enderle, G, Almond, B., & Argandoña, A. (Eds.), “People in Corporations. Ethical Responsibilities and Corporate Effectiveness”. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht
  • W.H. Shaw, Business Ethics, Cengage Learning, 2007.
  • Beesley, Michel and Evens, Corporate Social Responsibility, Taylor and Francis, 1978.
  • Philip Kotler and Nancy Lee, Corporate social responsibility: doing the best for the company and your cause, Wiley, 2005.
  • Subhabrata Bobby Banerjee, Corporate social responsibility: the good, the bad and the ugly, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007.
  • Satheesh Kumar, Corporate Governance, Oxford University, Press, 2010.
  • Business environment Francis Cherumlam Himalaya Publishing House.

Syllabus 3rd Semester MBA Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility and Governance


Definition & nature Business ethics, Characteristics, Ethical theories; Causes of unethical behavior; Ethical abuses; Work ethics; Code of conduct; Public good.



Management of Ethics – Ethics analysis [ Hosmer model ]; Ethical dilemma; Ethics in practice- ethics for managers; Role and function of ethical managers- the Comparative ethical behavior of managers; Code of ethics; Competitiveness, organizational size, profitability, and ethics; Cost of ethics in Corporate ethics evaluation. Business and ecological/environmental issues in the Indian context and case studies.



Political-legal environment; Provisions of the Indian constitution pertaining to Business; Political setup – major characteristics and their implications for business; Prominent features of MRTP &
FERA. Social-cultural environment and their impact on business operations, Salient features of Indian culture and values. 30



Economic Environment; Philosophy of economic growth and its implications for business, Main features of Economic Planning with respect to a business; Industrial policy and framework of government contract over Business; Role of the chamber of commerce and Confederation of Indian Industries.



Definition- Evolution- Need for CSR; Theoretical perspectives; Corporate citizenship; Business practices; Strategies for CSR; Challenges and implementation; Evolution of corporate governance; Governance practices and regulation; Structure and development of boards; Role of capital market and government; Governance ratings; Future of governance- innovative practices; Case studies with lessons learnt.

Important Questions in 3rd Semester MBA Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility and Governance

  •  Explain the evolution of corporate Governances in India.
  • Describe the role, responsibilities and evaluation of the board of directors of a company.
  •  Interpret transparency and accountability in terms of Corporate Governance.
  • Describe the meaning and your understanding of corporate Governance especially in Indian Context.
  • Enumerate the best Corporate Governance practices in major economies.
  • Discuss the various approach and models for corporate social responsibility.
  •  Explain the issues of concern in regard to corporate social responsibility as a strategic move.
  • What do you understand by the following?
    a. Corporate citizenship
    b. Corporate social performance
    c. Corporate social responsiveness
  • Describe the regulatory framework of Corporate Governance in India.
  • Why present corporate Governance systems emphasize on the role of audit committees, and their independence and also the role of independent directors?
  • Would the increased role of independent directors in the future generate a conflict with companies’ managerial control?
  • What do you understand by the concept of Corporate Socia responsibility?
  •  Do you believe it to be an important part of the core business strategy? If yes, elucidate with examples.
  •  What are the inherent and perceived benefits of Corporate Social Responsibility?
  •  Highlight the importance of CSR with the help of examples.
  • Critically analyze the concept of CSR.

Here in the given article, you can find the MBA Marketing Research study materials, which are in pdf format, of notes, lecture notes, and textbooks which can be used for your learning purposes at the time of an exam or other purposes. The core courses which are included in an MBA program would be Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations as well as Statistics. Going through these files will greatly improve your studying techniques as well as ideas of studying.

MBA 2ND Semester Marketing Research PDF

Research in its own words is known as a “Systematic Inquiry aimed at providing information to solve managerial problems.” This concept has been defined in numerous ways more than 1. As per the words of Naresh Malhotra, a popular researcher and a professor, the definition of marketing research would be The systematic and objective identification, collection, analysis, and dissemination of information for the purpose of assisting management in decision making related to the identification and solution of problems (and opportunities) in marketing.

Free Download Study Materials MBA 2nd Semester Marketing Research

Marketing Research Notes for MBA PdfDownload
MBA market research pdf ebookDownload
Marketing research sample Text Book pdfDownload
Marketing research Model Question PaperDownload

Recommended books and authors of MBA Marketing Research

  • Donald R. Cooper & Schindler, MARKETING RESEARCH CONCEPT & CASES, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, new Delhi, 2006
  • S.C. Gupta, MARKETING RESEARCH, Excel Books India, 2007
  •  Marketing Research by DM Sarawte
  • Research for Marketing Decisions by Paul Green, Donald Tull
  •  Marketing Research by Rajendra Nargundkar (Tata McGraw)
  •  Business Research Methods by Donald R.Cooper
  • ORIENTATION, Pearson Education, Asia.
  • Paul E. Green & Donald S. Tull, RESEARCH FOR MARKETING DECISIONS. PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi, 2009
  •  Marketing Research by MV Kulkarni
  • Market research by G.C.Beri
  • Marketing Research by Ramanuj Majumdar
  • Marketing Research by Mishra

Syllabus MBA 2nd Semester Marketing Research

Unit – I

The Marketing Research System – Definition of MR – Basic and
Applied Research – The Marketing Research Process – Types of Research – Steps in Marketing Research Process – Research Design – Data Sources – Marketing Information System – International Market Research.

Unit – II

Sampling Process in Marketing Research– Sampling Design and
Procedure – Sampling Methods – Non-probabilistic sampling Techniques – Probabilitic sampling Techniques – Sample Size determination – Sampling Errors.

Unit – III

Measurement & Scaling in Marketing Research: Measurement
concept – Sources of variation in Measurement, Validity & reliability of Measurement – Attitude measurement – Scaling Procedure
Unit – IV

Data Instruments – Data Collection- Online data collection –
Collection of Secondary Data – Collection of Primary Data Methods – Field Operations – Errors and Difficulties in Data Processing, Coding, and Editing. Data Analysis – -Hypothesis Testing – Report Writing – Presentation of Data.

Unit – V

Application of Marketing Research: Product Research – Motivation research – Advertising Research – Sales Control Research – Rural Marketing research – Export Marketing research.

Important Questions in MBA Marketing Research 2nd Semester

  • Explain the concept of a model. What is its use in research?
  • What are the limitations of the research?
  • How do you make research effective?
  • Compare and contrast the exploratory, descriptive, and causal research designs.
  •  Explain the methods of data collection in exploratory research
  • Elaborate the purpose and methods of descriptive research
  •  State the purpose and methods of causal research.
  • Define a cross-sectional design and longitudinal design. What are the relative advantages and disadvantages?
  • Discuss how the Internet can facilitate the implementation of
    different types of research designs.
  • How important is n information system to a company’s success?
  • What are the major sources of input for a decision support system?
  •  Explain the benefits of DSS as an example.
  • When do you, as a marketer prefer to conduct marketing research?
  • Name some of the marketing research firms and identify their activities.
  •  What are the recent trends in marketing research?
  • Outline the steps in marketing research.
  • Briefly, discuss problem definition phase in the marketing research
  • How are the objectives and hypotheses formed?
  •  What are the problems faced by a researcher in interacting with managers for designing a research project?
  • Research is not without limitations. In such cases, how can a
    marketer rely on research data and the findings? Discuss.
  •  Collect five research papers and examine how the researchers have stated the research methodology adopted in their studies.
  •  A problem well defined is problem half solved –Discuss.
  • Of all the sources of information, intelligence is the best source as it helps managers, to develop intuitive abilities. Discuss.
  • Define marketing research.
  •  Distinguish between basic and applied research and problem
    identification and problem-solving research with suitable examples.
  • How does marketing research help in the decision-making stages of managers?
  •  In what decision areas of marketing, research can help managers?
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Here we have provided you the links to download the study materials, lecture notes, textbooks of accounting MBA 1ST Semester. The core courses which come under a MBA 1ST Semester are Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Statistics. The lecture notes based on Accounting MBA 1St Semester can be downloaded and studied easily along with the rest of the study materials which has been provided below such as text books, lecture notes as well as notes in the pdf format for easy access. The download links to the books have been provided below. You can also find further details regarding recommended authors and books, review questions as well as further details have been mentioned below.  

MBA Accounting 1ST Semester Managers pdf 

Are you aware of what accounting means to managers? Called the language of business, accounting is a certain designation which is applied to accounting since it is recognized as the method of communicating in business information. In order to acquaint the students with fundamental principles of financial, cost and management accounting, with the motive of enabling students to prepare, analyze and interpret financial statements in order to enable students to take decisions by using management accounting tools. 

MBA 1st Semester Accounting for Managers Notes 

Accounting for managers pdf free download DOWNLOAD 
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Accounting for managers MBA question papers DOWNLOAD 

Recommended Authors and Books for MBA 1ST Semester Accounting for Managers 

  • Jelsy Josheph Kuppapally, ACCOUNTING FOR MANAGERS, PHI, delhi, 2010. 
  • P.Das Gupta: Studies In Cost Accounting, Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi. 
  • Jain & Narang: Advanced Cost Accounting, Kalyani Publishers. 
  • Jawaharlal: Advanced Management Accounting, S.Chand & Co. 
  • S.N.Maheswari: Management Accounting And Financial Control, Sultan Chand & Sons. 
  • V.K.Saxena And C.D.Vashist: Advanced Cost And Management Accounting, Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi. 
  •  James Jimbalvo: Management Accounting, John Wiley & Sons. 
  • Khan & Jain: Management Accounting, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing Co., New Delhi. 
  • J.Made Gowda: Management Accounting, Himalaya Publishing House, Delhi. 
  • S.N.Maheswari: Management Accounting, Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi. 
  • N.P.Srinivasan & M.Sakthivel Murugan: Accounting For Management, S.Chand & Co., New Delhi. 
  • Paresh Shah, BASIC ACCOUNTING FOR MANAGERS, Oxford, Delhi, 2007. 
  • Ambrish Gupta, FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING FOR MANAGEMENT, Pearson, Delhi, 2004. 
  • Narayanaswamy R, FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING, PHI, Delhi, 2011. 
  •  Jain And Narang: Advanced Cost Accounting, Kalyani 
  •  Maheswari S.N: Management Accounting, Sultan Chand And Sons. 

Syllabus MBA 1ST Semester Accounting for Managers 


Book-Keeping and Accounting – Financial Accounting – Concepts 
and Conventions – Double Entry System – Preparation of Journal, Ledger and Trial Balance – Preparation of Final Accounts –Trading, Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet With Adjustment Entries, Simple Problems Only – Capital and Revenue Expenditure and Receipts. 


Depreciation – Causes – Methods of Calculating Depreciation – 
Straight Line Method, Diminishing Balance Method, and Annuity Method – Ratio Analysis – Uses and Limitations – Classification of Ratios – Liquidity, Profitability, Financial and Turnover Ratios – Simple Problems Only. 


Funds Flow Analysis – Funds From Operation, Sources, and Uses of Funds, Preparation of Schedule of Changes In Working Capital and Funds Flow Statements – Uses And Limitations – Cash Flow Analysis – Cash From Operation – Preparation of Cash Flow Statement – Uses and Limitations – Distinction Between Funds Flow and Cash Flow – Only Simple Problems 


Marginal Costing – Marginal Cost and Marginal Costing – 
Importance – Break-Even Analysis – Cost Volume Profit Relationship – Application of Marginal Costing Techniques, Fixing Selling Price, Make or Buy, Accepting a Foreign Order, Deciding Sales Mix. 


Cost Accounting – Elements of Cost – Types of Costs – Preparation 
of Cost Sheet – Standard Costing – Variance Analysis – Material Variances – Labour Variances – Simple Problems Related to Material And Labour Variances Only. 
[note: distribution of questions between problems and theory of this paper must be 60:40 i.e., problem questions: 60 % & theory questions: 40 %] 

Important Questions in MBA 1ST Semester Accounting for Manager 

  •  ‘accounting is a service function’. Discuss the statement in the context of a modern manufacturing business. 
  •  Distinguish between financial accounting and management 
  • What are accounting concepts and conventions? Is there any 
    difference between them? 
  • What is the significance of the dual aspect concept? 
  • Write a short note on accounting standards. 
  • What is the position in India regarding the formulation and 
    enforcement of accounting standards? 
  • Why is accounting called the language of business? 
  • Give an account of the various branches of accounting. 
  • What are the functions of accounting? 
  •  Accounting as a social science can be viewed as an information system. examine. 
  • Is accounting a staff function or line function? Explain the reasons. 

Here, we have provided the requisite links that redirects you to download the study materials that a candidate requires for the MBA 4th semester International Trade and Finance such as lecture notes, books and other study materials. In an MBA program, various courses such as the one that are core like Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Statistics are there. Every student who are during their course of MBA, the notes which has been provided below in pdf format has been worked out to help you understand the fundamentals of International Trade and Finance better. From the notes provided below, you can find the entire study materials in a single download link.

MBA International Trade and Finance Study Materials PDF Format

The economies of the world are rapidly changing and almost every country of the world that includes developing countries who are gearing up for facing the challenges of competing in a highly integrated global marketplace. Here, in similar situations, the concept of “International Trade and Finance” gains much more attention from the government authorities, traders and policy makers in the recent years.

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Recommended Authors and Books for MBA International Trade and Finance

  • Principles of International Trade and Payments, Briggs .P, Blackwells 1st Edition 1994
  • Guide to Documentary Credit Operations for UCP 500
  • Jeevanandam. C, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS, M/s Sultan & Chand, Delhi, 2008
  •  Sumathi Varma, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS, Ane, Delhi, 2010
  • Finance of International Trade, Watson A.J.W, Bankers Books 5th Edition 1997
  • Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credits (UCP 5000), ICC United Kingdom
  • Finance and International Trade, Institute of Export, 2nd Edition 2001

Syllabus MBA 4th Semester International Trade and Finance

Unit – I

International Trade –Benefits – Basis of International Trade Foreign Trade and Economic Growth – Balance of Trade – Balance of Payment – Current Trends in India – Barriers to International Trade – Indian EXIM Policy.

Unit – II

Export and Import Finance: Special need for Finance in International Trade – INCO Terms (FOB, CIF, etc.,) – Payment Terms – Letters of Credit – Pre Shipment and Post Shipment Finance – Fortfaiting – Deferred Payment Terms – EXIM Bank –  ECGC and its schemes – Import Licensing – Financing methods for import of Capital goods.

Unit – III

Foreign Exchange Markets – Spot Prices and Forward Prices Factors influencing Exchange rates – The effects of Exchange rates in Foreign Trade – Tools for hedging against Exchange rate variations – Forward, Futures and Currency options – FEMA Determination of Foreign Exchange rate and Forecasting – Law of one price – PPP theory – Interest Rate Parity – Exchange rate Forecasting.

Unit – IV

Export Trade Documents: Financial Documents – Bill of Exchange – Type – Commercial Documents – Proforma, Commercial, Consular, Customs, Legalized Invoice, Certificate of Origin Certificate Value, Packing List, Weight Certificate, Certificate of Analysis and Quality, Certificate of Inspection, Health certificate. Transport Documents – Bill of Lading, Airway Bill, Postal Receipt, Multimodal Transport Document. Risk Covering Document: Insurance Policy, Insurance Cover Note. Official Document: Export Declaration Forms, GR Form, PP From, COD Form, Softer Forms, Export Certification, GSPS – UPCDC Norms.

Unit – V

Export Promotion Schemes – Government Organizations Promoting Exports – Export Incentives: Duty Exemption – IT Concession – Marketing Assistance – EPCG, DEPB – Advance License – Other efforts I Export Promotion – EPZ – EQU – SEZ, and Export House.

Important Questions On MBA 4TH Semester – International Trade and Finance

  • Discuss option contracts. How to hedge with options contract?
  • What is the objective of FEMA?
  •  Give a detailed note of the FERA and FEMA.
  • What are the main features of FEMA?
  • Explain the Provisions of FEMA
  • Discuss on the adjudication and appeal procedures under FEMA
  • Explain the Short-run foreign exchange rate forecasting tools.
  • Compare and contrast Long-term and medium-term foreign exchange rate forecasting tools
  • Write a note on banking crises and currency crises.
  • Discuss the basic forecasting models.
  • Discuss the Promotional measures of EXIM policy 2004-20091. Give a short note on Foreign market participants.
  • Briefly Explain the General provisions of Export of Promotion Schemes
  •  Discuss briefly the advance authorization schemes
  •  Give a short note on Special Economic Schemes.
  • What are the Financial and fiscal incentives to exporters in India?
  •  How to hedge with futures?
  •  Discuss the advantage and disadvantages of the hedging with forwarding contracts and futures contracts.
  • Describe the determinants of exchange rates.
  • Discuss the Financial Instruments used in the market.
  • What are the factors influence the exchange rate?
  • Briefly, explain the method of Hedging with Forwards

Here, we’ve provided below the Compensation Management notes for the MBA 4th semester. You can find the related details along with the study material which has been provided below for studying purposes. The core courses in an MBA program are Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Statistics. We provide below the direct weblink to the study materials of the MBA Compensation Management notes. 

MBA 4TH SEM Compensation Management PDF Format 

The Compensation means a wide range of financial along with non-financial rewards to their employees for the services that are rendered to the organization. This amount is paid to the employees in the form of wages, salaries, employee benefits which is like paid vacations, insurance maternal leave, free travel facility, retirement benefits and other additional benefits. Here, the monetary benefits compensate the employees as a direct form and they greatly motivate the employees. The compensation System needs to be designed such that they attain the below given objectives –  

  • The employees who can do their work and are capable should be attracted to the organization. 
  • Every existing employee need to be motivated enough to do their best within the organization. 
  • The employees who exist in the organization do not leave their organization. 

Download MBA 4TH SEM Compensation Management Study Materials PDF  

lecture notes on Compensation Management Download 
Compensation Management in hrm pdf Download 
Compensation Management books free download Download 
Compensation Management pdf books Download 
Compensation Management Question Paper Download 
Compensation Management PPT Download 

Recommended Books and Authors for MBA Compensation Management 

  • Flippo, Edwin B. (1989), PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, Mc-Graw-Hill, Tokyo. 
  •  Gupta. C.B. (2005): HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, Sultan Chand Publishers, New Delhi 
  • Khan, S.M. “EFFECT OF LIKING SYNDROME ON COMPENSATION NEED SATISFACTION” Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 38 (2) Oct.2002, 199-210. 
  • Bhatia S.K.(2003), NEW COMPENSATION MANAGEMENT IN CHANGING ENVIRONMENT, Deep and Deep, Publishers, New Delhi. 
  • Chappra T.N. (2006) ESSENTIALS OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR, Dhanpat Rai and Company Delhi. 
  • Fisher, Cynthia D, Schoenfeldt Lyle F. Shaw James. B (2004) HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, Biztantra, New Delhi p.543. 
  • Mathis, Robert L. and Jackson Jphn. H (2003), HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, Thomson South Western, Australia 
  • Richard.I. Henderson, COMPENSATION MANAGEMENT IN A KNOWLEDGE-BASED WORLD, Prentice Hall India, New Delhi. 
  •  Richard Thrope & Gill Homen, STRATEGIC REWARD SYSTEMS, Prentice Hall India, New Delhi. 
  • Michael Armstrong & Helen Murlis, HANDBOOK OF REWARD MANAGEMENT, Crust Publishing House. 

Entire Syllabus MBA Compensation Management 4th Semester 

Unit – I 

Compensation – Definition – Compensation Responsibilities – Compensation System Design Issues – Compensation Philosophies – Compensation Approaches 

Unit – II 

Compensation Classification – Types – Incentives – Fringe Benefits – Strategic Compensation Planning – Determining Compensation – The wage Mix – Development of Base Pay Systems – The Wage Curve – Pay Grades – Salary Matrix – Compensation as a Retention Strategy. 

Unit – III 

Theories of Wages – Wage Structure – Wage Fixation – Wage Payment – Salary Administration – Executive Compensation – Incentive Plans – Team Compensation – Gain Sharing Incentive Plan – Enterprise Incentive Plan – Profit Sharing Plan- ESOPs – Compensation Management in Multi-National organizations. 

Unit – IV 

Methods of Rewarding of Sales Personnel – Pay – Commission – Pay and Commission – Performance-Based Pay Systems – Incentives – Executive Compensation Plan and Packages – Perceptions of Pay Fairness – Legal Constraints on Pay Systems. 

Unit – V 

Wage Boards – Pay Commissions – Employee Benefits – Benefits Need Analysis – Funding Benefits – Benchmarking Benefit Schemes – Employee Benefit Programmes – Security Benefits – Creating a Work-Life Setting – Designing Benefit Packages 

Important Questions in MBA Compensation Management 4th Semester 

  •  Explain the concept of social security and discuss its dynamic nature. 
  •  Write a note on the following: 
    a) Objectives of Social security 
    b) Social assistance 
    c) Group Life Insurance 
    d) Retirement Benefits 
  • Define work-life balance 
  • What are the factors taken into consideration while designing work-life balance? 
  • Define work-life balance. What will be the impact if there is no work-life balance in the organization? 
  • Critically examine the options available to the organization to make effective work-life balance 
  •  Discuss the steps in designing work-life balance 
  •  What are the different misperceptions made these days by the employer about work-life balance? 
  • What are the reasons behind in offering the Employees Benefits Programme? 
  •  Discuss the different components of Employee Benefit Programmes 
  • Critically examine the reason for the Growth of Employees Benefits 
  • Enumerate the steps in Planning and Designing of Employees Benefit Programmes 
  • Define employees benefit program and discuss the issues faced by the Employees Benefit Programme 
  • Define social security benefits to employees 
  • Bring out the historical background of social security laws of India 
  •  How the act of social security laws of India works both in organized sectors and unorganized sectors of industry in India? 
  • Explain the different types of Social Security available in India. 
  • Enumerate the Government of India Initiatives on Social Security Benefits. 
  • Discuss the social security coverage in India and explain the advantages and disadvantages of this scheme. 
  • Define Wage board and critically examine the role of the wage board 
  •  Critically examine the pay commission role in fixation of employees compensation over the period 
  • Enumerate the special features of six pay commission 
  • Six Pay Commission – Discuss the anomalies 
  •  Why World Bank criticized the 6th pay commission of India 
  •  Define Employees Benefit Programme 
  • What are social security measures that have been initiated by the Government of India? 
  • What do you mean by social security? Discuss its importance and scope in the modern industry? 

You can find below the direct link which allows you to download the required notes, study materials and books of MBA 4th Semester. The links has been provided below. The courses which are core and included in the MBA program include Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Statistics. In the notes which have been provided below, you can find the entire study materials which is required to go for MBA Financial Derivatives which comes in the fourth semester during MBA program.

Details on Financial Derivatives MBA 4th Sem

The financial derivatives are now increasingly popular and are currently most commonly used and utilized in the world of Finance. This has now grown with a boosted phenomenal speed all around the world and so are now called the derivative revolution. The Financial derivatives such as futures, swaps and forwards options which are important tools that are used to manage assets, financial assets, financial risks as well as portfolios. This is why it is important to know the terminology as well as conceptual framework of every financial derivatives which has been mentioned here, in order to analyze and manage the financial risks.

Financial Derivatives Books for the students of MBA

Financial Derivatives john c hull pdfDownload
Financial Derivatives book pdfDownload
Financial Derivatives Notes PdfDownload
Financial Derivatives Question PaperDownload
Financial Derivatives Lecture NotesDownload
 Financial Derivatives PPT Download

Recommended Books for MBA Financial Derivatives

  • Chance, Don M: DERIVATIVES and Risk Management Basics, Cengage Learning, Delhi.
  •  Stulz M. Rene, RISK MANAGEMENT & DERIVATIVES, Cengage Learning, New Delhi.
  • Duffie, D., and H. Zhu. ‘‘Does a Central Clearing Counterparty Reduce Counterparty Risk?’’
    Working Paper, Stanford University, 2010.
  • Gastineau, G. L., D. J. Smith, and R. Todd. Risk Management, Derivatives, and Financial
    Analysis under SFAS No. 133. The Research Foundation of AIMR and Blackwell Series in
    Finance, 2001.
  • Hull, J., ‘‘OTC Derivatives and Central Clearing: Can All Transactions Be Cleared,’’ Financial
    Stability Review, 14 (July 2010): 71–80.
  • Jones, F. J., and R. J. Teweles. In: The Futures Game, edited by B. Warwick, 3rd edn. New York:
    McGraw-Hill, 1998.
  • Jorion, P. ‘‘Risk Management Lessons from Long-Term Capital Management,’’ European Financial Management, 6, 3 (September 2000): 277–300.
  • Kawaller, I. G., and P. D. Koch. ‘‘Meeting the Highly Effective Expectation Criterion for Hedge Accounting,’’ Journal of Derivatives, 7, 4 (Summer 2000): 79–87.
  • Lowenstein, R. When Genius Failed: The Rise and Fall of Long-Term Capital Management. New York: Random House, 2000.
  • Hull, JC, Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives
  • Stulz, RM, Risk Management & Derivatives, INDIA EDITION, CENGAGE LEARNING
  • Chancellor, E. Devil Take the Hindmost—A History of Financial Speculation. New York: Farra
    Straus Giroux, 2000.
  • Merton, R. C. ‘‘Finance Theory and Future Trends: The Shift to Integration,’’ Risk, 12, 7 (July 1999): 48–51.
  • Miller, M. H. ‘‘Financial Innovation: Achievements and Prospects,’’ Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, 4 (Winter 1992): 4–11.
  • Zingales, L., ‘‘Causes and Effects of the Lehman Bankruptcy,’’ Testimony before Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, United States House of Representatives, October 6, 2008.

MBA Financial Derivatives Syllabus – 4th Semester

Unit – I

Derivatives – Features of a Financial Derivative – Types of Financial Derivatives – Basic Financial derivatives – History of Derivatives Markets – Uses of Derivatives – Critiques of Derivatives – Forward Market: Pricing and Trading Mechanism Forward Contract concept – Features of forwarding Contract  Classification of Forwarding Contracts – Forward Trading Mechanism – Forward Prices Vs Future Prices.

Unit – II

Options and Swaps – Concept of Options – Types of options – Option Valuation – Option Positions Naked and Covered Option – Underlying Assets in Exchange-traded Options – Determinants of Option Prices – Binomial Option Pricing Model – Black-Scholes Option Pricing – Basic Principles of Option Trading – SWAP: Concept, Evaluation and Features of Swap – Types of Financial Swaps – Interest Rate Swaps – Currency Swap – DebtEquity Swap.

Unit – III

Futures – Financial Futures Contracts – Types of Financial Futures Contract – Evolution of Futures Market in India – Traders in Futures Market in India – Functions and Growth of Futures Markets – Futures Market Trading Mechanism – Specification of
the Future Contract – Clearing House – Operation of Margins – Settlement – Theories of Future prices – Future prices and Risk Aversion – Forward Contract Vs. Futures Contracts.

Unit – IV

Hedging and Stock Index Futures – Concepts – Perfect Hedging Model – Basic Long and Short Hedges – Cross Hedging – Basis Risk and Hedging – Basis Risk Vs Price Risk – Hedging Effectiveness – Devising a Hedging Strategy – Hedging Objectives – Management of Hedge – Concept of Stock Index – Stock Index Futures – Stock Index Futures as a Portfolio management Tool –Speculation and Stock Index Futures – Stock Index Futures Trading in Indian Stock Market.

Unit – V

Financial Derivatives Market in India – Need for Derivatives – Evolution of Derivatives in India – Major Recommendations of Dr. L.C. Gupta Committee – Equity Derivatives – Strengthening of Cash Market – Benefits of Derivatives in India – Categories of Derivatives Traded in India – Derivatives Trading at NSE/BSE Eligibility of Stocks – Emerging Structure of Derivatives Markets in India -Regulation of Financial Derivatives in India – Structure of the Market – Trading systems – Badla system in Indian Stock Market – Regulatory Instruments.

MBA Financial Derivatives Important Questions

  • Write a detailed note on the classification of forwarding contracts with examples.
  • Define forward contract and discuss the trading mechanism of forwarding market
  • What do you understand by parallel loans? Explain with an example.
  •  Describe features of an interest rate swap.
  • Explain the value of the interest rate swap.
  • How would you convert a floating rate liability into a fixed rate liability using swap? Draw a schematic diagram to explain your answer.
  •  If an enterprise has invested funds in securities providing a floating rate of income,
  • what risk does it face? How would you hedge such risk using an interest rate swap?
  • What are the problems in arranging a swap and how are they overcome by swap intermediary/bank?
  • Explain hedging of fixed rate and floating rate loans using swap.
  • What is a currency swap and how is it different operationally from an interest rate swap?
  • Currency swaps can be used to convert assets/liabilities from one currency to another. Explain with a suitable example.
  • How are currency swaps and interest rate swaps used for reducing cost?
  • Explain the term ‘financial derivative’. What are its important features?
  • Explain the different types of financial derivatives along with their features in brief.
  • Bring out the historical development of financial derivatives.
  • What are warrants and convertible securities? Also, explain the critiques of derivatives with suitable examples.
  •  Compare and contrast between forward, futures, options, and swaps.
  • Write short notes on:
    a. Forward contracting
    b. Swaps and their features
    c. Options and their types
  •  Write a detailed note on the uses of financial derivatives.
  • Define the forward contract. Also, discuss the features of the forward contract.
  • Compare and contrast between forwarding contracts and futures contracts with suitable examples.

Here, you can download the Human Resource Information System (HRIS) MBA Notes PDF format. The entire syllabus has been provided to you in the pdf format which you can download from the direct link given below which is on 4th SEM Human Resources Information System MBA. This covers the core courses of MBA such as accounting, finance, marketing, human resources, operations as well as statistics. In the link which has been provided below, MBA Human Resources Information System Notes, you can get the complete study materials of the same, 4th SEM MBA, in a single download link.

Human Resource Information System (HRIS) MBA 4TH SEM

The subject of Information Technology paves way to the transition of the focus of Human Resource (HR) from Human Resource Management (HRM) to Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM). Here, the role of strategy does not only add a dimension that is valuable to the HR Function, but also changes the competencies which define HR professional and practitioner success. Studying the above mentioned subjects aims at investigating what particular role does any HRIS – Human Resource Information Systems play in SHRM. It works to find out how HR Professionals and managers in managers in various organizations see the effects of HRIS in strategic HR Tasks as well as Job Roles.

Download Study Materials HRIS – Human Resource Information System MBA Notes

Human Resource information system notesDownload
HRIS pdf downloadDownload
Human Resource information system (HRIS)Lecture NotesDownload
human resource information system pptDownload
Human Resource Information System Question PaperDownload
 HRIS Notes Pdf Download Download

Recommended authors and books for MBA HRIS 4th Sem

  • Kettley, P. and Reilly, P, ‘E-HR: An Introduction’, IES REPORT 398
  • Martin Butler, ButlerGroup, IT ANALYST ORGANIZATION SYMPOSIUM, November
  • Pande Nueman, THE SIX SIGMA WAY, McGraw-Hill
  • Michael Armstrong, A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, Kogan Page
  • Gueutal & Stone, THE BRAVE NEW WORLD OF HER, Jossey-Bass
  •  Gupta A.K, MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Sultan Chand and Sons

4th SEM MBA HRIS Syllabus

Unit – I

Data & Information needs for HR Manager – Sources of Data – Role of IT in HRM – IT for HR Managers – Concept, Structure, & Mechanisms of HRIS – Programming Dimensions & HR Manager – Survey of Software Packages for Human Resource Information System including ERP Software such as SAP, Oracles Financials and Ramco’s Marshal [only data input, output & screens] – EHRM – Objectives – Advantages & Disadvantages.

Unit – II

Data Management for HRIS – Data Formats – Entry Procedure & Process – Data Storage & Retrieval – Transaction Processing – Office Automation – Information Processing & Control Functions – Design of HRIS – Relevance of Decision-Making Concepts for
Information System Design – HRM Needs Analysis – Concept & Mechanisms – Standard Software and Customized Software – HRIS: An Investment.

Unit – III

HR Management Process & HRIS – Modules on HR Planning, Recruitment, Selection, Placement – Module on Performance Appraisal System – Training & Development Module – Module on Pay & other Related Dimensions – Information System’s support for Planning & Control.

Unit – IV

HR Management Process II & HRIS – Organization Structure & Related Management Processes – Authority & Responsibility Flows – Communication Process – Organization Culture and Power – Data Capturing for Monitoring & Review – Behavioral Patterns of HR – Other Managers and their Place in Information Processing for Decision Making.

Unit – V

Security, Size & Style of Organizations & HRIS – Security of Data and Operations of HRIS Modules – Common Problems during IT Adoption Efforts and Processes to Overcome – Orientation & Training Modules for HR & other Functionaries – Detailed Analytical Framework – Opportunities for combination of HRM & ITES Personnel – HRIS & Employee Legislation – An Integrated View of HRIS.

Important Questions – HRIS 4TH SEM MBA

  • What are the major issues presented that affected the time, cost and scope of the project?
  • What are the minor problems presented that affected the integration?
  • Identify the various types of users/customers of an HRIS.
  • What are the cultural issues that are interwoven in this project that affected HR or IT?
  • If you were to create some of your own “lessons learned,” what might they be and how would they affect future projects?
  • What type of evaluation/closure would help in this project?
  • What are the Information Processing & Control functions for an HRIS manages?
  • Design a flowchart of any HRIS function
  • Explain the different types of data storage techniques.
  • Explain the behavior pattern of HR and other managers in the organization?
  •  Explain the steps for information processing for decision making?
  • Define organizational culture and explain its role?
  • Explain the Flow of Authority and responsibility by depicting the chart?
  • Explain the procedure of the communication process?
  • Who should be involved in future global integration projects? What skills should team members have and how should they be selected?
  • Explain the concept of data capturing for monitoring and review?

Here you can download the MBA Business Communication Lecture notes in the pdf format for the students to study. In the links provided below, the pdf files have been given for you to download easily. The MBA Business Communication lecture notes have been provided below, along with study materials as well as books. The core courses of an MBA program cover the aspects of Business which includes accounting, finance, marketing, human resources, operations, statistics and many other topics. Please scroll down and find the desired links of the study materials.

MBA Business Communication PDF Format Lecture Notes

According to the definition given by T.S.Mathews, “Communication is something so simple and difficult that we can never put it in simple words.”. Even then, we do necessarily need a definition in order to clearly understand the term. In his book Communication in Business, communication is defined as: “Communication is the process by which information is transmitted between individuals and/or organizations so that an understanding response results.”.

 Business Communication Notes free downloadDownload Links
complete business communication notesDownload
Business Communication Text Book PdfDownload
MBA Business Communication Question Paper PdfDownload

MBA Business Communication textbooks

  •  Pal, Rajendra, and Korlahalli, J. S., Essentials of Business
  • Fred Luthans, Organizational Behaviour, Boston, McGraw-Hill, 8th edition, 1998.
  • Kaul, Asha, Effective Business Communication.
  • Lesikar, Raymond V., and Pettit John D, Business Communication: Theory and application, 6th edition, Richard D Irwin publication.
  • Sharma, R. C., Business Communication and Report Writing.
  • Varinder Kumar, Raj Bodh, Business Communication, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, 2001.
  • Lesikar, R. V. and Pettite J. D., Business Communication.
  •  Sharma, R. C., Business Communication and Report Writing.
  • Sinha, P., Business Communication.
  • Business Communication by K. K. Sinha. Galgotia Publishing Company., New Delhi.
  • Business Communication by C. C. Pattensheti. R. Chand and Company Publishers., New Delhi.
  •  Essentials of Business Communication by Rajindra Pal and J. S. Korlahalli. Sultan Chand and Sons., New Delhi.16
  •  Effective Business Communication by Herta A. Murphy and Charles E. Peck. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited., New Delhi.
  • Essentials of Business Communication by Pettett and Lesikar. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited., New Delhi.
  •  Business Communication by Pettett and Lesikar. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited., New Delhi.

MBA 1st Semester Business Communication Syllabus

Lesson: 1

Objective: The main objective of this lesson is to make the students learn on the subject matter of business communication vis-à-vis its nature and importance.
Structure: Introduction, The Concept of Communication, Significance of Communication, Nature of Business Communications: A Case Study

Lesson: 2

Effective Communication Skills
Objective: The major objective of this lesson is to create an understanding of the minds of students regarding various communication skills and also let them know the relevance of such skills.
Structure: Introduction, Objective of Business Communication. Effective Communications Skills, Summary, Key Words.

Lesson: 3

Objective: The foremost objective of this lesson is to generate thoughtful ideas in the psyche of students as regards the process of communication and the sequencing of different steps that the process of communication contains.
Structure: Introduction, How to Understand Communication Process, A Common Misconception, The Communication Environment, A Well-Designed Communication Process, Summary, Key Words.

Lesson: 4

Objective: The primary objective of this lesson is to breed the attentive thoughts in the consciousness of students relating to barriers and gateways in business communication and to enable them to avoid the occurrence of such events in communication that create a communication gap.
Structure: Introduction, Barriers in Communication., Gateways to Communication Barriers, Making Communication Effective, Summary, Key Words, Self-Assessment Questions, Suggested Readings.

Lesson: 5

Objective: This lesson educates the students on how to communicate clearly and effectively through commercial letters. It explains the basic skills necessary to write various types of commercial or business letters.
Structure: Introduction, Do’s and Don’ts of Commercial Letter

Lesson: 6

Objective: The primary objective of this lesson is to make the students learn the basics of business reports and make them understand how effective reports are written.
Structure: Introduction, Types of Business Reports, Characteristics of A Good Report, Structures of Business Reports

Lesson: 7

Objective: The main objective of this lesson is to make the students learn the basics of Oral and Non-verbal Communication.
Structure: Introduction, Oral and Non-verbal Communication

Lesson: 8

Objective: The primary objective of this lesson is to make the students learn about the basics of public speaking aspects in business communication and to enable them to avoid the occurrence of such events in public speaking that do not add to the value of the speaker.
Structure: Introduction, Encoding and Translating, Understanding Your Audience, Targeting Your Audience, Designing a Presentation,  Preparing the Venue and Seating Arrangement, Final Point and Getting Start

Lesson: 9

Objective: The most important objective of this lesson is to make the students learn the basics of business negotiation skills in
communication along with its legal aspects.
Structure: Introduction, Phases of a Negotiation, Characteristics of a Negotiation, Opening Negotiations, Legal Aspects of Communication

Lesson: 10

Objective: The objective of this lesson is to give the learners an understanding of agency correspondence, thereby enabling them to draft various agency related letters.
Structure: Introduction, Essentials of Agency Correspondence, Hints for Drafting Agency-related Letters, Some Sample Letters

Important Questions of MBA Business Communication

  • Communication is sharing of understanding”, Discuss this and bring out the process of communication.
  •  “Management is a two-way traffic; it is based upon the effective machinery of communication.” Discuss this statement.
  • What are the main barriers to organizational communication?
  •  Discuss the psychological barriers to effective communication.
  • How do the personal opinions and prejudices of various individuals act as barriers to effective communication? Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.
  • What is meant by status-consciousness? How does it impede the smooth flow of communication?
  •  Explain how the wrong choice of the channel of communication acts as a barrier to communication.
  • How does language act as a barrier to effective communication?
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